Beta-endorphin mediates behavioral despair and the effect of ethanol on the tail suspension test in mice.

Title

Beta-endorphin mediates behavioral despair and the effect of ethanol on the tail suspension test in mice.

Creator

Barfield ET; Barry SM; Hodgin HB; Thompson BM; Allen SS; Grisel JE

Publisher

Alcoholism, Clinical And Experimental Research

Date

2010

Subject

Female; Male; Behavior; Animals; Mice; Stress; Adaptation; Models; Sex Characteristics; Animal; Psychological/physiology; Animal/physiology; beta-Endorphin/physiology; beta-Endorphin/genetics; Central Nervous System Depressants/pharmacology; Depression/physiopathology; Ethanol/pharmacology; Hindlimb Suspension/psychology; Psychological/physiopathology; Psychological/psychology; Transgenic

Description

Background: The opioid peptide beta-endorphin (beta-E) is synthesized and released in response to stressful stimuli as well as acute alcohol administration. The release of beta-E following exposure to an inescapable aversive situation may mediate behaviors that contribute to allostasis of the stress response. The present study examines the effects of beta-E on immobility in assays involving inescapable stress, both under basal conditions and after acute administration of EtOH.; Methods: Female and male transgenic mice with varying capacities to translate beta-E were subjected to either the forced swim (FST, Experiment 1) or the tail suspension test (TST, Experiment 2). In Experiment 3, mice were divided into three groups based on hormonal status (male, female-estrous, and female-nonestrous) and injected with either 1 g/kg EtOH or equivolume saline 14 minutes prior to behavioral assessment on the TST.; Results: Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrated a direct relationship between beta-E levels and immobility. There were also sex differences in behavior in these tests, with males displaying more immobility than females. A main effect of genotype in Experiment 3 replicated findings in Experiments 1 and 2. There was also an effect of EtOH (increasing immobility) and a significant interaction reflecting a particularly robust effect of the drug in mice with low beta-E. In addition, there were interactions between beta-E, EtOH effects, and hormonal status.; Conclusions: These findings support the contention that beta-E moderates behavioral responses to stressful stimuli and suggest a role for this peptide in coping behavior. Furthermore, the effects of EtOH on the response to stress may be mediated by beta-E. Sex differences in this influence may contribute to sex differences in disease susceptibility and expression.;
2010-06

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation

Barfield ET; Barry SM; Hodgin HB; Thompson BM; Allen SS; Grisel JE, “Beta-endorphin mediates behavioral despair and the effect of ethanol on the tail suspension test in mice.,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 27, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13901.

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