Use Of Spiritual Coping Strategies By Gender, Race/ethnicity, And Religion At 1 And 3 Months After Infant's/child's Intensive Care Unit Death

Title

Use Of Spiritual Coping Strategies By Gender, Race/ethnicity, And Religion At 1 And 3 Months After Infant's/child's Intensive Care Unit Death

Creator

Hawthorne D M; Youngblut JM; Brooten D

Identifier

10.1002/2327-6924.12498

Publisher

Journal Of The American Association Of Nurse Practitioners

Date

2017

Subject

Advanced Practice Nurse; Bereaved Parents; Emotional Adjustment; Nicu/picu; Nurse Practitioner; Pediatrics; Spirituality

Description

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the United States, 57,000 children (newborn to 18 years) die annually. Bereaved parents may rely on religious or spiritual beliefs in their grief. The study's purpose was to examine differences in parents' use of spiritual and religious coping practices by gender, race/ethnicity, and religion at 1 and 3 months after infant/ICU death. METHODS: The sample consisted of 165 bereaved parents, 78% minority. The Spiritual Coping Strategies Scale was used to measure religious and spiritual coping practices, separately. One-way ANOVAs indicated that Black non-Hispanic mothers used significantly more religious coping practices at 3 months than White non-Hispanic mothers. Protestant and Catholic parents used more religious coping practices than the "no" and "other" religion groups at 1 and 3 months. Within the 30 mother-father dyads (paired t-tests), mothers reported significantly greater use of religious coping practices at 1 and 3 months and spiritual coping practices at 3 months than fathers. CONCLUSION: Religious coping practices were most commonly used by Black mothers and Protestant and Catholic parents. Within dyads, mothers used more spiritual and religious coping practices than fathers. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: These findings are beneficial for healthcare personnel in providing support to bereaved parents of diverse races/ethnicities and religions.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

October 2017 List

Notes

2327-6924
Hawthorne, Dawn M
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4359-3809
Youngblut, JoAnne M
Brooten, Dorothy
Journal Article
United States
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract. 2017 Aug 23. doi: 10.1002/2327-6924.12498.

Citation

Hawthorne D M; Youngblut JM; Brooten D, “Use Of Spiritual Coping Strategies By Gender, Race/ethnicity, And Religion At 1 And 3 Months After Infant's/child's Intensive Care Unit Death,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 30, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10818.

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