Pediatric palliative care utilization by decedent children: A nationwide population-based study, 2002-2017

Title

Pediatric palliative care utilization by decedent children: A nationwide population-based study, 2002-2017

Creator

Wu WW; Lu FL; Tang CC; Chao FH; Yu TH

Identifier

Publisher

Journal of Nursing Scholarship

Date

2023

Subject

child; human; male; retrospective study; quality of life; palliative therapy; palliative nursing; factual database

Description

Purpose: This study aimed (1) to describe how trends in pediatric palliative care (PPC) utilization changed from 2002 to 2017, and (2) to examine factors predicting PPC utilization among decedent children in Taiwan. Design: This retrospective, correlational study retrieved 2002-2017 data from three national claims databases in Taiwan. Methods: Children aged 1 through 18 years who died between January 2002 and December 2017 were included. Pediatric palliative care utilization was defined as PPC enrollment and PPC duration, with enrollment described by frequency (n) and percentage (%) and duration described by mean and standard deviation (SD). Logistic regression was used to examine the associations of various demographic characteristics with PPC enrollment; generalized linear regression was used to examine associations of the demographic characteristics with PPC duration. Findings: Across the 16-year study period, PPC enrollment increased sharply (15.49 times), while PPC duration decreased smoothly (by 29.41%). Cause of death was a continuous predictor of both PPC enrollment and PPC duration. The children less likely to be enrolled in PPC services were those aged 1 to 6 years, boys, living in poverty, living in rural areas, and diagnosed with life-threatening noncancer diseases. Conclusion: This study used nationwide databases to investigate PPC enrollment and PPC duration among a large sample of deceased children from 2002 to 2017. The findings not only delineate trends and predictors of PPC enrollment and PPC duration but also highlight great progress in PPC as well as the areas still understudied and underserved. This information could help the pediatric healthcare system achieve the core value of family-centered care for children with life-threatening diseases and their families. Clinical relevance: Pediatric palliative care should be widely and continuously implemented in routine pediatric clinical practice to enhance quality of life for children and their families at the end of life.

Rights

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Citation List Month

February List 2024

Collection

Citation

Wu WW; Lu FL; Tang CC; Chao FH; Yu TH, “Pediatric palliative care utilization by decedent children: A nationwide population-based study, 2002-2017,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 28, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/19509.