The Association Between Repetitive, Self-Injurious and Aggressive Behavior in Children With Severe Intellectual Disability

Title

The Association Between Repetitive, Self-Injurious and Aggressive Behavior in Children With Severe Intellectual Disability

Creator

Oliver C; Petty J; Ruddick L; Bacarese-Hamilton M

Publisher

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

Date

2012

Subject

Psychology; Prevalence; Aggression; Intellectual disability; people; de-lange-syndrome; Self-injury; Stereotyped behavior; adults; Autism spectrum disorder; challenging behaviors; handicap; learning-disabilities; mental; psychotropic medication; Repetitive behavior; risk-factors; total population; young-children; behavioral problems; severe intellectual disability; trajectory; characteristics; high frequency repetitive behavior; ritualistic behavior; challenging behavior

Description

We evaluated the independent association between adaptive behavior, communication and repetitive or ritualistic behaviors and self-injury, aggression and destructive behavior to identify potential early risk markers for challenging behaviors. Data were collected for 943 children (4-18 years, M = 10.88) with severe intellectual disabilities. Odds ratio analyses revealed that these characteristics generated risk indices ranging from 2 to 31 for the presence and severity of challenging behaviors. Logistic regressions revealed that high frequency repetitive or ritualistic behavior was associated with a 16 times greater risk of severe self-injury and a 12 times greater risk of showing two or more severe challenging behaviors. High frequency repetitive or ritualistic behaviors independently predict challenging behavior and have the potential to be early risk markers for self-injury and aggression of clinical significance.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation

Oliver C; Petty J; Ruddick L; Bacarese-Hamilton M, “The Association Between Repetitive, Self-Injurious and Aggressive Behavior in Children With Severe Intellectual Disability,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 24, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16776.

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