Influence of Palliative Care on Medical Treatment of Pediatric Patients with Complex Chronic Diseases at Cook Children's Medical Center

Title

Influence of Palliative Care on Medical Treatment of Pediatric Patients with Complex Chronic Diseases at Cook Children's Medical Center

Creator

Seddighzadeh RP; Lawrence K; Hamby T; Hoeft A

Publisher

Journal of Palliative Medicine

Date

2018

Subject

Data Analysis Software; Human; Electronic Health Records; Length of Stay; Child; Hospitalization; Patient Care; Texas; Descriptive Statistics; Chi Square Test; Chronic Disease -- Therapy -- In Infancy and Childhood; Drug Administration; Hospitals Pediatric -- Texas; Medical Orders; Palliative Care -- Utilization; Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test

Description

Background: Literature in adult palliative care (PC) boasts fewer invasive procedures, shorter lengths of stay, and decreased cost of care. Benefits of pediatric PC are under-researched and are important to identify to optimize care. Objective: Our aim was to estimate the influence and utilization of PC on pediatric patient care. Design: We evaluated the electronic medical record of 43 patients at Cook Children's Medical Center (CCMC) with complex chronic conditions, who died between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2014, comparing the length and frequency of hospitalizations, number of medications administered and procedures performed, and established limits of resuscitation between patients who received PC and those who did not. Measurements: Data analyses were performed using SAS Enterprise (version 6.1; SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC). Continuous variables were described as medians and ranges and analyzed with Wilcoxon rank-sum test for ordinal data. Categorical variables were described as percentages and analyzed with chi-square test of independence. Repeated-measures analyses were performed utilizing multilevel linear modeling, which examined the data at the level of the 236 visits rather than the 43 patients. Results: Twelve (28%) eligible patients were seen by PC. PC patients had more hospitalizations, longer lengths of stay, and fewer medications and procedures than those patients without PC services. PC patients were also more likely to have a medical orders for scope of treatment in place. Conclusion: These data demonstrate that PC services at CCMC are underutilized and support the need for PC services by decreased medications and procedures and identified family wishes for medical treatment.

Citation List Month

January 2019 List

Collection

Citation

Seddighzadeh RP; Lawrence K; Hamby T; Hoeft A, “Influence of Palliative Care on Medical Treatment of Pediatric Patients with Complex Chronic Diseases at Cook Children's Medical Center,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 31, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/15911.

Social Bookmarking