Influence of physician confidentiality assurances on adolescents' willingness to disclose information and seek future health care. A randomized controlled trial

Title

Influence of physician confidentiality assurances on adolescents' willingness to disclose information and seek future health care. A randomized controlled trial

Creator

Ford CA; Millstein SG; Halpern-Felsher BL; Irwin CE

Publisher

Jama

Date

1997

Subject

Female; Humans; Male; Physician-Patient Relations; Truth Disclosure; California; Analysis of Variance; Disclosure; Regression Analysis; adolescent; Empirical Approach; Professional Patient Relationship; Adolescent Transitions; Adolescent Health Services/utilization; Confidentiality

Description

CONTEXT: Adolescents' concerns about privacy in clinical settings decrease their willingness to seek health care for sensitive problems and may inhibit their communication with physicians. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of physicians' assurances of confidentiality on adolescents' willingness to disclose information and seek future health care. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Three suburban public high schools in California. PARTICIPANTS: The 562 participating adolescents represented 92% of students in mandatory classes. INTERVENTION: After random assignment to 1 of 3 groups, the adolescents listened to a standardized audiotape depiction of an office visit during which they heard a physician who assured unconditional confidentiality, a physician who assured conditional confidentiality, or a physician who did not mention confidentiality. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adolescents' willingness to disclose general information, willingness to disclose information about sensitive topics, intended honesty, and likelihood of return visits to the physician depicted in the scenario were assessed by anonymous written questionnaire. RESULTS: Assurances of confidentiality increased the number of adolescents willing to disclose sensitive information about sexuality, substance use, and mental health from 39% (68/175) to 46.5% (178/383) (beta=.10, P=.02) and increased the number willing to seek future health care from 53% (93/175) to 67% (259/386) (beta=.17, P
1997

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

1029-1034

Issue

12

Volume

278

Citation

Ford CA; Millstein SG; Halpern-Felsher BL; Irwin CE, “Influence of physician confidentiality assurances on adolescents' willingness to disclose information and seek future health care. A randomized controlled trial,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 28, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12355.

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