Elective Ventilation To Facilitate Organ Donation In Infants With Anencephaly: Perinatal Professionals’ Views And An Ethical Analysis.

Title

Elective Ventilation To Facilitate Organ Donation In Infants With Anencephaly: Perinatal Professionals’ Views And An Ethical Analysis.

Creator

Jivraj A; Scales A; Brierley J

Publisher

International Journal Of Paediatrics

Date

2016

Subject

Anencephaly/diagnosis; Anencephaly/therapy; Attitude Of Health Personnel; Ethical Analysis; Female; Humans; London; Male; Palliative Care/ethics; Palliative Care/methods; Perinatal Care/ethics; Perinatal Care/methods; Pregnancy; Prenatal-diagnosis; Respiration Artificial/ethics; Tissue And Organ Procurement/ethics
Ethics; Major Congenital Anomaly; Neonates; Organ Donation

Description

AIM:
Following the elective ventilation and referral for organ donation of an infant with anencephaly, we sought local perinatal professionals' views of this practice.

METHODS:
Anonymous online survey: demographics, ethical viewpoints and potential public/maternal perceptions (standard 5-part Likert scale and free text).

RESULTS:

DEMOGRAPHICS:
49 replies (38 female): 4 obstetricians, 14 neonatologists, 6 foetal clinicians, 23 nurses, 1 anaesthetist and 1 reproductive specialist.

EXPERIENCE:
0.5-33 years (average 12). Twenty-one had experience of anencephalic delivery, and 10 reported pregnancy continued for religious reasons.

ETHICS:
(i) 73% thought anencephalic donation acceptable, of which 64% supported elective ventilation, 20% neutral and 16% disagreed. (ii) Provision of treatments not in infant's strict best interest to facilitate donation: 22% strongly agreed, 36% agreed, 33% neutral and 9% disagreed. (iii) Accept ventilation to permit donation if societal benefit: 53% agreed, 33% neutral and 13% disagreed. (iv) Public opinion: 59% disagreed anencephalic donation would harm public opinion about donation and 19% agreed.

CONCLUSION:
We found a supportive local environment for donation in the setting of anencephaly, including support for elective ventilation. Given this, and our ethical analysis, we recommend provision of organ donation information as part of palliative care counselling for women carrying a foetus with a condition likely to be fatal in infancy.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

May 2016 List

Citation

Jivraj A; Scales A; Brierley J, “Elective Ventilation To Facilitate Organ Donation In Infants With Anencephaly: Perinatal Professionals’ Views And An Ethical Analysis.,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 25, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10598.

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