Pediatric Palliative Care Referral Criteria Following Moderate or Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries

Title

Pediatric Palliative Care Referral Criteria Following Moderate or Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries

Creator

Villarosa R; Grossoehme DH; Brown M; Delahanty S; Richner G; Baird M; Friebert S

Publisher

Journal of Palliative Medicine

Date

2023

Subject

Palliative Care; child; palliative care; Referral and Consultation; Brain Injuries; Brain; adolescent; goals of care; traumatic brain injury

Description

Introduction/Aims: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are one of the leading causes of death and disability in children and adolescents. A significant number of those who survive suffer from the lasting cognitive, physical, or behavioral effects of TBI while the loss is devastating for families. The aim of the study is to characterize the pediatric population and formulate referral criteria for palliative care (PC) consults who would guide the most beneficial allocation of resources. Methods: This is an IRB-approved retrospective chart review study from January 1, 2017, to October 1, 2021, of persons presenting to the emergency department of a 467-bed quaternary pediatric hospital in the midwest with a moderate or severe TBI (ICD-10: S.06.2X and S.06.5X9A). Participants were excluded if they were admitted directly from an outside hospital or if the diagnosis code did not meet criteria. Results: N_=_33 patients presented with moderate or severe TBI, of which 17 had PC consult. There were no significant between-group demographic differences. Significant differences in clinical and outcome variables formed the basis of proposed referral criteria for specialist PC for children and adolescents sustaining a moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. Discussion: PC programs are a finite resource and should be available to and focused on those with greatest need. The proposed criteria provide empirically based guidance on when to consult, or consider consulting, specialist pediatric PC. Further testing of these criteria and their relationship with improved outcomes are desirable.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

June 2022 List

Collection

Citation

Villarosa R; Grossoehme DH; Brown M; Delahanty S; Richner G; Baird M; Friebert S, “Pediatric Palliative Care Referral Criteria Following Moderate or Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed June 24, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/19151.