Paediatric Death after Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Therapies: A Scoping Review Protocol

Title

Paediatric Death after Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Therapies: A Scoping Review Protocol

Creator

Francoeur C; Hornby L; Silva A; Scales NB; Weiss M; Dhanani S

Publisher

BMJ Open

Date

2022

Subject

Organ Transplantation; Terminal Care; Child; Clinical physiology; Delivery of Health Care; Humans; Paediatric Intensive & Critical Care; Paediatrics; Qualitative Research; Review Literature as Topic

Description

INTRODUCTION: The physiology of dying after withdrawal of life-sustaining measures (WLSM) is not well described in children. This lack of knowledge makes predicting the duration of the dying process difficult. For families, not knowing this process's duration interferes with planning of rituals related to dying, travel for distant relatives and emotional strain during the wait for death. Time-to-death also impacts end-of-life care and determines whether a child will be eligible for donation after circulatory determination of death. This scoping review will summarise the current literature about what is known about the dying process in children after WLSM in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This review will use Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for scoping reviews. Databases searched will include Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials via EBM Reviews Ovid, Ovid PsycINFO, CINAHL and Web of Science. Literature reporting on the physiology of dying process after WLSM, or tools that predict time of death in children after WLSM among children aged 0-18 years in PICUs worldwide will be considered. Literature describing the impact of prediction or timing of death after WLSM on families, healthcare workers and the organ donation process will also be included. Quantitative and qualitative studies will be evaluated. Two independent reviewers will screen references by title and abstract, and then by full text, and complete data extraction and analysis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The review uses published data and does not require ethics review. Review results will be published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

November 2022 List

Collection

Citation

Francoeur C; Hornby L; Silva A; Scales NB; Weiss M; Dhanani S, “Paediatric Death after Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Therapies: A Scoping Review Protocol,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed June 1, 2023, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18550.