The role of the neuropediatrician in pediatric intensive care unit: Diagnosis, therapeutics and major participation in collaborative multidisciplinary deliberations about life-sustaining treatments' withdrawal

Title

The role of the neuropediatrician in pediatric intensive care unit: Diagnosis, therapeutics and major participation in collaborative multidisciplinary deliberations about life-sustaining treatments' withdrawal

Creator

Toulouse J;Hully M;Brossier D;Viallard ML;de Saint Blanquat L;Renolleau S;Kossorotoff M;Desguerre I

Publisher

European Journal of Paediatric Neurology

Date

2018

Subject

Life sutaining treatment;Neuropediatrician;Palliative care;Pediatric intensive care unit;Withdrawal/withholding treatment

Description

BACKGROUND: In Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) two types of population require the intervention of neuropediatricians (NP): chronic brain diseases' patients who face repetitive and prolonged hospitalizations, and patients with acute brain failure facing the risk of potential neurologic sequelae, and both conditions may result in a limitation of life-sustaining treatments (LLST) decision. OBJECTIVE: To assess NP's involvement in LLST decisions within the PICU of a tertiary hospital. METHOD: Retrospective study of medical reports of patients hospitalized during 2014 in the Necker-Hospital PICU. Patients were selected using keywords ("cardiorespiratory arrest", "death", "withdrawal of treatment", "palliative care", "acute brain failure", or "chronic neurological disease"), and/or if they were assessed by a NP during the hospitalization. Demographic and medical data were analysed, including the NP's assessment and data about Collaborative Multidisciplinary Deliberation (CMD) to discuss potential LLST. RESULTS: Among 1160 children, 274 patients were included and 142 (56%) were assessed by a NP during their hospitalization for diagnosis (n = 55) and/or treatment (n = 95) management. NP was required for 59%-100% of patients with neurological acute failure, and for 14-44% of patients with extra neurological failure. A LLST decision was taken after a CMD for 27 (9.8%) of them, and a NP was involved in 19/27 (70%) of these decisions that occurred during the hospitalization (n = 19) or before (n = 8).12 patients died thereafter the LLST decision (40% of the 30 dead patients). CONCLUSION: NP are clearly involved in the decision-process of LLST for patients admitted in PICU, claiming for close collaboration to improve current practices and the quality of the care provided to children.

Rights

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Citation List Month

November 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Toulouse J;Hully M;Brossier D;Viallard ML;de Saint Blanquat L;Renolleau S;Kossorotoff M;Desguerre I, “The role of the neuropediatrician in pediatric intensive care unit: Diagnosis, therapeutics and major participation in collaborative multidisciplinary deliberations about life-sustaining treatments' withdrawal,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 28, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/15628.

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