Massive opioid resistance in an infant with a localized metastasis to the midbrain periaqueductal gray

Title

Massive opioid resistance in an infant with a localized metastasis to the midbrain periaqueductal gray

Creator

Collins J J; Berde CB; Grier HE; Nachmanoff DB; Kinney HC

Publisher

Pain

Date

1995

Subject

infant; Male; Analgesics; Non-U.S. Gov't; Newborn; Dose-Response Relationship; Drug; Human; Case Report; Palliative Care; Mesencephalon; Periaqueductal Gray; Brain Neoplasms/congenital/drug therapy/pathology/secondary; Drug Resistance; Hypnotics and Sedatives/therapeutic use; Morphine/therapeutic use; Opioid/therapeutic use; Rhabdoid Tumor/congenital/drug therapy/pathology/secondary; Support

Description

We report the case of a 4-month-old infant with terminal malignancy who had systemic metastases and a localized metastasis to the dorsal midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG). Extraordinary doses of opioids (dose equivalent of 2680 mg morphine sulfate/h, i.v.) were required to achieve adequate analgesia. The behavior of the infant, interpreted as being representative of a response to pain, may have been an aversive reaction due to the location of the lesion in the dorsal PAG. We propose that the lesion in the PAG impaired the responsiveness of this infant to the effect of opioids. This report is to alert clinicians to the possible role of the PAG in impaired opioid responsiveness in patients with terminal malignancy, as well as the possibility that pain-like signs (e.g., tachycardia, tachypnea, vocalization, facial grimacing) may indicate an aversive reaction rather than pain in non-verbal patients.
1995

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

271-5.

Issue

2

Volume

63

Citation

Collins J J; Berde CB; Grier HE; Nachmanoff DB; Kinney HC, “Massive opioid resistance in an infant with a localized metastasis to the midbrain periaqueductal gray,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed January 27, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12293.

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