Browse Items (60 total)

In 1997 a review article on bisphosphonates in this journal identified 24 published articles relating to children at that time. Since then there has been a considerable increase in their use in clinical paediatric practice and research with there…

AIMS: To determine the incidence, manifestations, and best management of sleep disturbance in Sanfilippo syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type III). METHODS: Families were ascertained through the MPS societies of Australasia, the UK, and the…

BACKGROUND: Children with severe neurological impairment may have significant oral motor dysfunction and are at increased risk of nutritional deficiencies, poor growth, and aspiration pneumonia. Gastrostomy tube feeding is increasingly being used for…

AIMS: To examine the frequency of and risk factors for bacteraemia in children hospitalised with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection; and to determine current use of antibiotics in hospitalised children with RSV infection. METHODS:…

The concordance of nasal compared with nasopharyngeal swabs was assessed for the diagnosis of respiratory viral infections, and the degree of discomfort associated with each procedure was compared. The use of nasal swabs was shown to be as accurate…

Aim: To determine the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary cognitive behavioural treatment for adolescents with chronic pain. METHODS: Fifty seven adolescents (mean age 14.28 years) with chronic pain and 57 accompanying adults underwent an…

eizures are often initially treated at home. The standard treatment is rectal diazepam. Sublingual (SL) lorazepam is easy to administer but has not been well evaluated for efficacy in epilepsy. It has been reported to be effective for serial seizures…

A retrospective study was undertaken of 25 families and their 26 ill children attending the first children's hospice in the United Kingdom. The study examined the family's perceptions of the care offered and the impact of chronic and life threatening…

Medium chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency presents with episodic fasting, hypoketotic hypoglycaemia, and coma. It is known to be potentially lethal, but the outlook for survivors is thought to be good. We reassessed all patients…

The poor prognosis of patients with trisomy 13 has long been accepted and has been ascribed to brain and heart malformations. It has been suggested, however, that the long term survival is better than was previously thought and that cardiac surgery…

This paper reports a study of the nature and prevalence of behaviour problems in 258 children with mucopolysaccharide disorders. Questionnaire data obtained through the post was supplemented by home visits to 42 families in the sample and by regular…

The response to the bisphosphonate, pamidronate, is reported in a child with osteogenesis imperfecta who had recurrent symptomatic hypercalcaemia after immobilisation following fractures. Oral clodronate was effective in the prevention of…

AIM To detail the everyday occurrence of pain in non-communicating children with cognitive impairment. METHODS Thirty four parents of cognitively impaired verbally non-communicating children completed pain diaries over a two week period. Each day,…

AIMS: To investigate the effect of motor and cognitive disabilities on the survival of people on the North of England Collaborative Cerebral Palsy Survey, and compare this with other published results. METHODS: The cerebral palsy cohort consists of…

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence on the transition process from child to adult services for young people with palliative care needs. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: Child and adult services and interface between healthcare providers. PATIENTS:…

Like any new specialty, paediatric palliative medicine is facing challenges as it establishes itself. While many of the required core skills have their roots in adult palliative medicine, its practitioners come from a range of paediatric backgrounds…

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of symptoms of acute stress reactions (ASR) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in paediatric trainees following their involvement in child death. DESIGN: A survey designed to identify trainees' previous…

BACKGROUND: The number of children and young people (CYP) living with life-limiting and life-threatening conditions is rising. Paediatric palliative care is a relatively new aspect of healthcare, the delivery of which is variable, with a wide range…

Objective In English paediatric practice, English law requires that parents and clinicians agree the ‘best interests’ of children and, if this is not possible, that the courts decide. Court intervention is rare and the concept of best interests…

With the growing number of children and young people with complex care needs or life-limiting conditions, alternative routes for nutrition have been established (such as gastrostomy feeding). The conditions of children and young people who require…

Aims Patients with Trisomy 18 have a poor prognosis-only 5%-10% of children survive beyond the first year; however various clinical features of Trisomy 18 such as gastrointestinal, cardiac and central nervous system anomalies may benefit from…

Aims Children's hospices provide a range of services for children with life limiting (LLC) and life threatening conditions (LTC). Referral previously relied on obtaining supporting views from the child's paediatrician and there was often delay…

Aims An audit of children and young person's advanced care plans (ACPs) in two district general hospitals (centres A and B) against NICE guidance [1]. Methods Centre A: consultants were emailed to identify the population with ACPs. Centre B: two…

Background Supporting siblings following loss of an infant is increasingly recognised as an important aspect of neonatal bereavement support. The grief process in children is often complicated by feelings of loss, guilt as well insecurity about their…

OBJECTIVE: To determine how many children are admitted to paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with life-limiting conditions (LLCs) and their outcomes. DESIGN: National cohort, data-linkage study. SETTING: PICUs in England. PATIENTS: Children…

Aim To determine the experience of training in paediatric palliative medicine (PPM) among trainees, to identify how well trainees were able to meet RCPCH competences in PPM, and to explore educational opportunities desired by trainees to enhance…

Aim Symptom assessment is a core component of paediatric palliative care. This audit aimed to determine whether the symptoms of children attending for routine short breaks in a children's hospice were assessed. The development of a formal symptom…

Background In order to improve outcomes for acutely unwell children and young people it is essential to learn from those cases in which children deteriorate and die. In our trust there was no universal record of child deaths or deteriorations and no…

Perinatal palliative medicine is an emerging subspecialty within paediatric palliative medicine, neonatal medicine, fetal medicine and obstetrics. It comprises patient-focused, non-judgemental shared decision making and aims to provide holistic…
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