Palliative care for NICU survivors with chronic critical illness


Palliative care for NICU survivors with chronic critical illness


Boss RD


Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine




Palliative Care; Critical Illness; Survivors


The sickest of NICU survivors develop chronic critical illness (CCI). Most infants with CCI will leave the NICU using chronic medical technology and will experience repeated rehospitalizations. The unique issues for these NICU graduates- escalating chronic medical technologies, fractured post-NICU healthcare, gaps in home health services, and family strain-are common and predictable. This means that raising family and NICU team awareness of these issues, and putting plans in place to address them, should occur for every NICU infant with CCI. Pediatric palliative care is one resource that can be engaged within the NICU to support the child and family through NICU discharge and beyond. This review examines what is known about the unique needs of infants who leave the NICU with CCI and the role that NICU-initiated palliative care involvement can play for these patients, families, clinicians, and the health care system.


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Citation List Month

June 2022 List



Boss RD, “Palliative care for NICU survivors with chronic critical illness,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed June 19, 2024,