Participatory development of a modular advance care planning program in pediatric palliative care (MAPPS)

Title

Participatory development of a modular advance care planning program in pediatric palliative care (MAPPS)

Creator

Knochel K; Zaimovic V; Gatzweiler B; Hein KK; Heitkamp N; Monz A; Reimann D; Borasio GD; Führer M

Publisher

Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

Date

2021

Subject

Advance care planning; advance directives; decision-making; end-of-life; palliative care; pediatric

Description

CONTEXT: Decision-making in pediatric palliative care concerns mainly children without decision-making capacity. It has to balance the child's best interests, parental responsibility and the impact on the family system. OBJECTIVES: Advance care planning (ACP) supports decision making about future medical care. A consistent pediatric approach is still missing. This study aimed at developing a pediatric ACP program (pedACP) meeting specific needs of children, parents and professionals. METHODS: Bereaved parents of children with life-limiting conditions and professionals involved in pedACP participated. Employing the technique of constellation analysis, they collaboratively assigned content, actors, tools and warning notes about pedACP along a timeline. The researchers analysed, systematized and translated these results into a pedACP program draft, which was revised by the participants. RESULTS: The participants' overall focus was on the children's quality of life and an individualized interdisciplinary communication process along the disease trajectory. The program was conceptualized in modular design with fixed modules at the beginning (to build a trustful relationship and frame the process) and at the end (to summarize results and prepare implementation). The main discussions are structured in flexible modules (About the child, Emergencies, Disease-specific scenarios and End of life care). General themes cover timing, communication, engaging children and structural issues. The participants appreciated the program's comprehensiveness and flexibility. CONCLUSION: Parents and professionals combined their perspectives on reflecting goals of care and the complexity of pedACP. They perceived the resulting modular program as suitable for meeting the individual needs of patients, families and professional stakeholders.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

December 2021 List

Collection

Citation

Knochel K; Zaimovic V; Gatzweiler B; Hein KK; Heitkamp N; Monz A; Reimann D; Borasio GD; Führer M, “Participatory development of a modular advance care planning program in pediatric palliative care (MAPPS),” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 22, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17742.

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