Development and validation of pediatric opioid analgesia self-instruction system (pedoasis): An opioid knowledge tool for pediatric clinicians

Title

Development and validation of pediatric opioid analgesia self-instruction system (pedoasis): An opioid knowledge tool for pediatric clinicians

Creator

MacDonell-Yilmaz RE; Anderson A; Hirway P; Welch JG

Publisher

Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology.

Date

2021

Subject

education; opioids; pediatric pain; pediatric palliative care

Description

Background: Acute pain is common in children and young adults with cancer and sickle cell disease. Current training curricula fail to adequately impart skills for pain management. We sought to develop and validate an education and assessment tool to address the safe effective use of opioids for pain management by pediatrics trainees. Method(s): The first version of the tool contained 10 case-based, multiple-choice questions. It was pilot tested within a medium-sized pediatric residency program using preintervention and postintervention surveys to assess residents' knowledge and comfort related to prescribing opioids. Content validation was performed through an expert panel of physicians. Internal reliability was tested by administering the tool to learners and practitioners with varying levels of training. Result(s): Comfort with choosing and converting between opioids increased significantly in pilot testing (P=0.005). Mean objective knowledge scores increased from 51% to 85.9% (P<0.001). The revised tool showed internal reliability within each group (Cronbach alpha 0.71 to 0.78) and significant differences in mean scores between groups (F ratio=9.45, P=0.0002). Conclusion(s): This tool demonstrates validity and internal reliability. Its use was associated with short-term educational gains and it garnered overall favorable feedback from users. Further testing is needed to assess the duration of these gains. Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

October 2021 List

Collection

Citation

MacDonell-Yilmaz RE; Anderson A; Hirway P; Welch JG, “Development and validation of pediatric opioid analgesia self-instruction system (pedoasis): An opioid knowledge tool for pediatric clinicians,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 1, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17697.

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