Palliative Care Engagement for Pediatric Ventricular Assist Device Patients: A Single-Center Experience

Title

Palliative Care Engagement for Pediatric Ventricular Assist Device Patients: A Single-Center Experience

Creator

Kaufman B; Chen S; Murray J; Cohen H; Sourkes B M; Rosenthal D N; Hollander S A

Publisher

ASAIO Journal

Date

2020

Subject

advanced heart failure; pediatric mechanical circulatory support; pediatric palliative care; pediatric ventricular assist device

Description

Outcomes in pediatric patients with ventricular assist devices (VADs) for advanced heart failure (HF) are improving, but the risk of associated morbidity and mortality remains substantial. Few data exist on the involvement of pediatric palliative care (PPC) in this high-risk patient population. We aimed to characterize the extent of palliative care involvement in the care of patients requiring VAD placement at our institution. Single-center retrospective chart review analyzing all VAD patients at a large pediatric center over a 4 year period. Timing and extent of palliative care subspecialty involvement were analyzed. Between January 2014 and December 2017, 55 HF patients underwent VAD implantation at our institution. Pediatric palliative care utilization steadily increased over consecutive years (2014: <10% of patients, 2015: 20% of patients, 2016: 50% of patients, and 2017: 65% of patients) and occurred in 42% (n = 23) of all patients. Of these, 57% (n = 13) occurred before VAD placement while 43% (n = 10) occurred after implantation. Patients who died during their VAD implant hospitalization (24%, n = 13) were nearly twice as likely to have PPC involvement (62%) as those who reached transplant (38%). Of those who died, patients who had PPC involved in their care were more likely to limit resuscitation efforts before their death. Four patients had advanced directives in place before VAD implant, of which three had PPC consultation before device placement. Three families (5%) refused PPC involvement when offered. Pediatric palliative care utilization is increasing in VAD patients at our institution. Early PPC involvement occurred in the majority of patients and appears to lead to more frequent discussion of goals-of-care and advanced directives. Copyright © 2020 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.

Rights

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Citation List Month

October 2020 List

Collection

Citation

Kaufman B; Chen S; Murray J; Cohen H; Sourkes B M; Rosenthal D N; Hollander S A, “Palliative Care Engagement for Pediatric Ventricular Assist Device Patients: A Single-Center Experience,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 21, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17228.