A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of the selective dopamine D1 receptor antagonist ecopipam in patients with Lesch-Nyhan disease

Title

A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of the selective dopamine D1 receptor antagonist ecopipam in patients with Lesch-Nyhan disease

Creator

Khasnavis T; Torres R J; Sommerfeld B; Puig J G; Chipkin R; Jinnah H A

Publisher

Molecular Genetics and Metabolism

Date

2016

Subject

behavioral problems; Lesch-Nyhan syndrome; pharmacologic intervention; ecopipam; self-injury

Description

Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is a genetic disorder that has characteristic metabolic, neurologic, and behavioral features. There are multiple behavioral problems including impulsivity, aggressiveness, and severe recurrent self-injurious behavior (SIB). This last behavior varies considerably across subjects and may encompass self-biting, self-hitting, scratching, head banging, and other injurious actions. Current treatments for SIB involve behavioral extinction, sedatives, physical restraints, and removal of teeth. Because these interventions do not reliably control SIB, better treatments are urgently needed. Animal studies have suggested that D1-dopamine receptor antagonists such as ecopipam may suppress SIB. These observations have led to proposals that such drugs might provide effective treatment for in LND. The current study describes the results of a double-blind, three-period, crossover trial of a single dose of ecopipam in subjects with LND. The study was designed for 20 patients, but it was terminated after recruitment of only 10 patients, because interim analysis revealed unanticipated side effects. These side effects were most likely related to starting with a single large dose without any titration phase. Despite the limited data due to early termination, the drug appeared to reduce SIB in most cases. Subjects who completed the trial were eligible to continue the drug in an open-label extension phase lasting a year, and one patient who elected to continue has maintained a striking reduction in SIB for more than a year with no apparent side effects. These results suggest ecopipam could be a useful treatment for SIB in, but further studies are needed to establish an appropriate dosing regimen.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation

Khasnavis T; Torres R J; Sommerfeld B; Puig J G; Chipkin R; Jinnah H A, “A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of the selective dopamine D1 receptor antagonist ecopipam in patients with Lesch-Nyhan disease,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 25, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16708.

Social Bookmarking