Pain- and distress-reducing interventions for venepuncture in children

Title

Pain- and distress-reducing interventions for venepuncture in children

Creator

Tak JH; van Bon WH

Publisher

Child: Care, Health And Development

Date

2006

Subject

PedPal Lit; Intervention; Interventions

Description

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics (EMLA) and a placebo cream on reported pain and observed distress associated with venepuncture, and to investigate effects of procedural information before and distraction during venepuncture. METHODS: Children 3-12 years of age undergoing venepuncture under five experimental and a control condition reported their pain at venepuncture on visual scales. Distress was observed when the child entered the waiting room, just before, and during venepuncture. RESULTS: Distress increased over the measurement occasions, but a distress-reducing effect of EMLA only was found at the actual venepuncture. The placebo diminished the reported pain, but the effect of EMLA was larger. Procedural information and distraction showed no effects. CONCLUSIONS: EMLA reduces pain from venepuncture. The placebo effect probably results from desirable responding. Behavioural distress is a more direct measure than self-reported pain. More sophisticated designs should be used for the provision of procedural information and distraction.
2006

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

257-68

Issue

3

Volume

32

Citation

Tak JH; van Bon WH, “Pain- and distress-reducing interventions for venepuncture in children,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 17, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13145.

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