Refinement of a Conceptual Model for Adolescent Readiness to Engage in End-of-Life Discussions

Title

Refinement of a Conceptual Model for Adolescent Readiness to Engage in End-of-Life Discussions

Creator

Bell CJ; Zimet GD; Hinds PS; Broome ME; McDaniel AM; Mays RM; Champion VL

Publisher

Cancer Nursing

Date

2017

Description

BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with incurable cancer require ongoing support to process grief, emotions, and information as disease progresses including treatment options (phase 1 clinical trials and/or hospice/palliative care). Little is known about how adolescents become ready for such discussions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the process of adolescent readiness for end-of-life preparedness discussions, generating a theoretical understanding for guiding clinical conversations when curative options are limited. METHODS: We explored 2 in-depth cases across time using case-study methodology. An a priori conceptual model based on current end-of-life research guided data collection and analysis. Multiple sources including in-depth adolescent interviews generated data collection on model constructs. Analysis followed a logical sequence establishing a chain of evidence linking raw data to study conclusions. Synthesis and data triangulation across cases and time led to theoretical generalizations. Initially, we proposed a linear process of readiness with 3 domains: a cognitive domain (awareness), an emotional domain (acceptance), and a behavioral domain (willingness), which preceded preparedness. RESULTS: Findings led to conceptual model refinement showing readiness is a dynamic internal process that interacts with preparedness. Current awareness context facilitates the type of preparedness discussions (cognitive or emotional). Furthermore, social constraint inhibits discussions. CONCLUSIONS: Data support theoretical understanding of the dynamism of readiness. Future research that validates adolescent conceptualization will ensure age-appropriate readiness representation. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Understanding the dynamic process of readiness for engaging in end-of-life preparedness provides clinician insight for guiding discussions that facilitate shared decision making and promote quality of life for adolescents and their families.

Rights

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Citation List Month

Oncology 2017 List

Collection

Citation

Bell CJ; Zimet GD; Hinds PS; Broome ME; McDaniel AM; Mays RM; Champion VL, “Refinement of a Conceptual Model for Adolescent Readiness to Engage in End-of-Life Discussions,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 18, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11183.

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