Race, Ethnicity, and Goal-Concordance of End-Of-Life Palliative Care in Pediatric Oncology

Title

Race, Ethnicity, and Goal-Concordance of End-Of-Life Palliative Care in Pediatric Oncology

Creator

Umaretiya PJ; Li A; McGovern A; Ma C; Wolfe J; Bona K

Identifier

Publisher

Cancer

Date

2021

Subject

Oncology

Description

BackgroundRacial and ethnic minority children with cancer disproportionately receive intensive care at the end of life (EOL). It is not known whether these differences are goal-concordant or disparities. The authors sought to explore patterns of pediatric palliative care (PPC) and health care utilization in pediatric oncology patients receiving subspecialty palliative care at the end-of-life (last 6 months) and to examine goal-concordance of location of death in a subset of these patients.MethodsThis was a retrospective cohort study of pediatric oncology patients receiving subspecialty palliative care at a single large tertiary care center who died between January 2013 and March 2017.ResultsA total of 115 patients including 71 White, non-Hispanic patients and 44 non-White patients (including 12 Black patients and 21 Hispanic patients) were included in the analytic cohort. There were no significant differences in oncologic diagnosis, cause of death, or health care utilization in the last 6 months of life. White and non-White patients had similar PPC utilization including time from initial consult to death and median number of PPC encounters. Non-White patients were significantly more likely to die in the hospital compared to White patients (68% vs 46%, P = .03). Analysis of a subcohort with documented preferences (n = 45) revealed that 91% of White patients and 93% of non-White patients died in their preferred location of death.ConclusionsAlthough non-White children with cancer were more likely to die in the hospital, this difference was goal-concordant in our cohort. Subspecialty PPC access may contribute to the achievement of goal-concordant EOL care.

Rights

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Citation List Month

2021 Special Edition - Oncology

Citation

Umaretiya PJ; Li A; McGovern A; Ma C; Wolfe J; Bona K, “Race, Ethnicity, and Goal-Concordance of End-Of-Life Palliative Care in Pediatric Oncology,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed April 18, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18946.