Factors Affecting Hospice Use Among Adolescents and Young Adult Cancer Patients

Title

Factors Affecting Hospice Use Among Adolescents and Young Adult Cancer Patients

Creator

Noh H; Bui C; Mack JW

Publisher

Journal of adolescent and young adult oncology

Date

2022

Description

Background/Objective: Compared to existing studies on end-of-life care of mid- to older-aged patients diagnosed with cancer, there is a paucity of research on adolescents and young adult (AYA) patients. Guided by the Anderson's Behavioral Model for Healthcare Utilization, this study examined predisposing/enabling/need factors associated with hospice referral/enrollment among AYA patients diagnosed with cancer. Method(s): Data were drawn from medical records of AYA patients who died of cancer between January 2013 and December 2016 at three academic sites in the United States and were 15-39 years old at the time of death. Logistic regression was conducted (N=224). Result(s): Findings showed that hospice referral was strongly associated with hospice enrollment (odds ratio [OR]=69.68, p<0.0001). White patients were more likely to be referred to hospice care than non-White patients; the effect was, however, significant only among patients with private insurance (OR=3.44, p=0.040). Patients with public insurance were more likely to be referred to hospice than those with private insurance; the effect was, however, significant only among non-White patients (OR=5.66, p=0.005). Among those not receiving cancer treatment in the last month of life (LML), patients with hematologic malignancies were less likely to be referred to hospice than those with solid tumors (OR=0.19). Among patients with solid tumors, receiving cancer treatment in the LML lowered the odds of hospice referral (OR=0.50, p=0.043). Conclusion(s): Further research efforts are needed to investigate the role of race, insurance, cancer types, and treatments in hospice use among bigger samples of AYA patients diagnosed with cancer.

Rights

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Citation List Month

2022 Special Edition 3 - Oncology List

Citation

Noh H; Bui C; Mack JW, “Factors Affecting Hospice Use Among Adolescents and Young Adult Cancer Patients,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 21, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18660.