What does the best interests principle of the convention on the rights of the child mean for paediatric healthcare?. [Review]

Title

What does the best interests principle of the convention on the rights of the child mean for paediatric healthcare?. [Review]

Creator

Marz JW

Publisher

European Journal of Pediatrics

Date

2022

Subject

Best interests principle; Child; Children's rights; Convention on the Rights of the Child; Decision Making; Delivery of Health Care; Family; HIV Infections; Human Rights; Human rights in paediatrics; Humans; Paediatric ethics; Shared decision-making; United Nations

Description

The present review analyses the implications of the best interests of the child principle, which is one of the most widely discussed principles of medical ethics and human rights, for paediatric healthcare. As a starting point, it presents the interpretation of the best interests principle by the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child. On this basis, it points out possible fields of application of the best interests principle with regard to paediatric healthcare and discusses the potential difficulties in the application of the best interests principle. Based on this, it illustrates the implications of the best interests principle for paediatric healthcare through four case studies, which look at ethical dilemmas in paediatric gynaecology, end-of-life care, HIV care and genetic testing. Conclusion: The best interests principle requires action, inter alia, by health policymakers, professional associations, hospital managers and medical teams to ensure children receive the best possible healthcare. Whilst the best interests principle does not provide a conclusive solution to all ethical dilemmas in paediatric healthcare (as illustrated by the case studies), it provides children, medical teams, parents and families, and clinical ethicists with an indispensable framework for health care centred on the rights of the child. What is Known: * The best interests principle is one of the most widely discussed principles of medical ethics and human rights and one of the four general principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. What is New: * The present review discusses possible fields of application and potential difficulties of the best interests principle with regard to paediatric healthcare. * Based on this, it illustrates the implications of the best interests principle for paediatric healthcare through four case studies, which look at ethical dilemmas in paediatric gynaecology, end-of-life care, HIV care and genetic testing. Copyright © 2022. The Author(s).

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

December List 2022

Collection

Citation

Marz JW, “What does the best interests principle of the convention on the rights of the child mean for paediatric healthcare?. [Review],” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed February 4, 2023, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18524.

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