A Scale for the Identification of the Complex Chronic Pediatric Patient (PedCom Scale): A Pilot Study

Title

A Scale for the Identification of the Complex Chronic Pediatric Patient (PedCom Scale): A Pilot Study

Creator

Godoy-Molina E; Fernández-Ferrández T; Ruiz-Sánchez JM; Cordón-Martínez A; Pérez-Frías J; Navas-López VM; Nuñez-Cuadros E

Publisher

Anales de Pediatría

Date

2022

Subject

Chronic disease; Disabled child; Multiple chronic conditions; Surveys and questionnaires

Description

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The complex chronic condition (CCC) is an increasingly prevalent reality in pediatrics. However, having a CCC does not necessarily mean being a complex chronic patient (CCP). From this perspective, we developed an instrument (PedCom Scale) that would facilitate the identification of the CCP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Initially, general aspects for the classification of patients as CCP were defined. Subsequently, the items of the scale were developed, scoring them from 0.5 to 4 points. We performed a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the internal consistency was studied using alpha-Cronbach. Concordance was evaluated by intra- and inter-observer study. The gold standard was the classification performed by two evaluators after assessing the patient's medical history. The cut-off point for considering the patient as a CCP was established using the ROC curve. RESULTS: The initial version included 43 items with a global content validity index (CVI) of 0.94. A total of 180 patients were included. After the CFA, one item was eliminated, so the final version consists of 42 items with an CVI of 0.95. The alpha-Cronbach value was 0.723. The intraclass correlation coefficient of the test-retest analysis was 0.998 and 0.996 for the inter-observer study. The cut-off point for considering a patient as a CCP was established at 6.5 points, with this results we obtained a sensitivity of 98% and specificity of 94%. CONCLUSIONS: The PedCom Scale is an easy-to-use tool focused on the identification of the CCP. In our sample, it presented satisfactory levels of internal consistency and adequate levels of intra- and inter-observer agreement, with good sensitivity and specificity for the identification of the CCP.

Rights

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Citation List Month

October 2022 List

Collection

Citation

Godoy-Molina E; Fernández-Ferrández T; Ruiz-Sánchez JM; Cordón-Martínez A; Pérez-Frías J; Navas-López VM; Nuñez-Cuadros E, “A Scale for the Identification of the Complex Chronic Pediatric Patient (PedCom Scale): A Pilot Study,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed June 24, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18398.