Factors associated with admission of children to an intensive care unit and readmission to hospital within 28 days of discharge: A population-based study

Title

Factors associated with admission of children to an intensive care unit and readmission to hospital within 28 days of discharge: A population-based study

Creator

Bond DM; Ampt A; Festa M; Teo A; Nassar N; Schell D

Identifier

Publisher

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

Date

2022

Subject

admission; Adolescent; Australia; Child; Hospital Mortality; Hospitals Public; Humans; intensive care; Intensive Care Units; Length of Stay; Male; paediatrics; Patient Discharge; Patient Readmission; Pediatric Intensive Care Units; population health; readmission; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors

Description

AIM: Hospital readmissions within 28 days are an important performance measurement of quality and safety of health care. The aims of this study were to examine the rates, trends and characteristics of paediatric intensive care unit admissions, and factors associated with readmissions to hospital within 28 days of discharge. METHODS: This retrospective, population-based record linkage study included all children ≥28 days and <16 years old admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) in a New South Wales (NSW) public hospital from 2004 to 2013. Data were sourced from the NSW Admitted Patients Data Collection and the NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages, Death Registration. RESULTS: We identified 21 200 ICU admissions involving 17 130 children. Admissions increased by 24% over the study period with the greatest increase attributed to respiratory and musculoskeletal conditions. A higher proportion of children were <5 years, male, lived in major cities, were publicly insured and had chronic conditions. The median length of ICU stay was 42 h and overall hospital stay was 7 days. There were 905 deaths, two-thirds during the index admission with the leading causes being injuries, cancer and infections. Twenty-three per cent of ICU admissions were readmitted to hospital within 28 days of discharge. Associated independent factors were younger age, longer index hospital stay and emergency index admission. Children with chronic conditions of cancer and genitourinary disorders were more likely to be readmitted. CONCLUSIONS: Identification of complex chronic conditions, consideration of long-term health planning and interventions intended to reduce readmission is warranted in order to reduce the burden to families and the health-care system.

Citation List Month

May 2022 List

Collection

Citation

Bond DM; Ampt A; Festa M; Teo A; Nassar N; Schell D, “Factors associated with admission of children to an intensive care unit and readmission to hospital within 28 days of discharge: A population-based study,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed February 6, 2023, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18063.

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