"If We Build It, Will They Come?" A Cohort Study of Family Utilization of a Pediatric-Specific Hospice Home

Title

"If We Build It, Will They Come?" A Cohort Study of Family Utilization of a Pediatric-Specific Hospice Home

Creator

Shaw T; Berkel C; Bernatavicius W; Berger K

Publisher

Journal of Palliative Medicine

Date

2022

Subject

end-of-life care; health care utilization; hospice; location of death; palliative care; pediatrics

Description

Objective: To determine whether families would make use of a pediatric-specific inpatient hospice facility for end-of-life care for children. Background: Location of end-of-life care and death are important considerations when treating children with life-limiting conditions. There is very limited research on utilization of an inpatient hospice facility for end-of-life care if a pediatric-specific facility is available. We examined changes in family utilization of inpatient hospice services with the availability of an inpatient pediatric hospice facility (PHF). Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study with data collected on location of end-of-life care and death five years prior to and five years following the opening of a PHF that receives referrals from a large children s hospital in United States. Two data sources from the hospice organization were used: (1) a dataset on origins and outcomes of referrals to pediatric inpatient hospice care and (2) a dataset on location of death for all pediatric patients who had any contact with the hospice system. Chi-square analyses were conducted to assess the associations between the PHF opening and referral outcomes and location of death. Results: Significant results were found with respect to both referral outcomes and location of death. Engagement in inpatient hospice care increased between 2- and 10-fold following the opening of the inpatient PHF. The percent of patients who died in an inpatient hospice unit also increased significantly with the opening of the pediatric facility. Discussion: Results of this study show that providers are more likely to refer, and families are more likely to use inpatient hospice services when pediatric facilities are available. These results are important for establishing an evidence base in support for increasing access to PHFs.

Citation List Month

May 2022 List

Collection

Citation

Shaw T; Berkel C; Bernatavicius W; Berger K, “"If We Build It, Will They Come?" A Cohort Study of Family Utilization of a Pediatric-Specific Hospice Home,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 23, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18053.