Low-Resource Emergency Department Visits for Children With Complex Chronic Conditions

Title

Low-Resource Emergency Department Visits for Children With Complex Chronic Conditions

Creator

Pulcini CD; Coller RJ; Macy ML; Alpern E; Harris D; Rodean J; Hall M; Chung PJ; Berry JG

Publisher

Pediatric Emergency Care

Date

2022

Subject

Emergency Medical Services; Emergency Service Hospital; Child; Chronic Disease; Hospitalization; Humans; Infant; Retrospective Studies

Description

OBJECTIVE: Reducing emergency department (ED) use in children with complex chronic conditions (CCC) is a national health system priority. Emergency department visits with minimal clinical intervention may be the most avoidable. We assessed characteristics associated with experiencing such a low-resource ED visit among children with a CCC. METHODS: A retrospective study of 271,806 ED visits between 2014 and 2017 among patients with a CCC in the Pediatric Health Information System database was performed. The main outcome was a low-resource ED visit, where no medications, laboratory, procedures, or diagnostic tests were administered and the patient was not admitted to the hospital. χ2 Tests and generalized linear models were used to assess bivariable and multivariable relationships of patients' demographic, clinical, and health service characteristics with the likelihood of a low- versus higher-resource ED visit. RESULTS: Sixteen percent (n = 44,111) of ED visits among children with CCCs were low-resource. In multivariable analysis, the highest odds of experiencing a low- versus higher-resource ED visit occurred in patients aged 0 year (vs 16+ years; odds ratio [OR], 3.9 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 3.7-4.1]), living <5 (vs 20+) miles from the ED (OR, 1.7 [95% CI, 1.7-1.8]), and who presented to the ED in the day and evening versus overnight (1.5 [95% CI, 1.4-1.5]). CONCLUSIONS: Infant age, living close to the ED, and day/evening-time visits were associated with the greatest likelihood of experiencing a low-resource ED visit in children with CCCs. Further investigation is needed to assess key drivers for ED use in these children and identify opportunities for diversion of ED care to outpatient and community settings.

Citation List Month

April 2022 List

Collection

Citation

Pulcini CD; Coller RJ; Macy ML; Alpern E; Harris D; Rodean J; Hall M; Chung PJ; Berry JG, “Low-Resource Emergency Department Visits for Children With Complex Chronic Conditions,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed January 28, 2023, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18025.

Social Bookmarking