Experience of Pediatric Patient Death, Moral Distress, and Turnover Intention among Pediatric Nurses at a Tertiary Hospital in South Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study

Title

Experience of Pediatric Patient Death, Moral Distress, and Turnover Intention among Pediatric Nurses at a Tertiary Hospital in South Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study

Creator

Jang SG; Min A; Kim S

Publisher

Journal of Palliative Medicine

Date

2022

Subject

Cross-sectional studies; Death; Moral distress; Pediatric; Pediatric nurses; South Korea; Turnover intention

Description

Background: Pediatric nurses are particularly vulnerable to moral distress and turnover due to frequent experiences with patient death combined with limited pediatric palliative resources and related support. Objective(s): This study examined pediatric nurses' experiences of pediatric patient death, moral distress, and turnover intention and identified the correlations between them as well as the mediating role of moral distress. Method(s): This cross-sectional study conducted an online survey with 161 pediatric nurses working in a tertiary hospital in Seoul, South Korea. The survey comprised questions to assess nurses' experience of pediatric patient death and turnover intention and a validated instrument to measure their moral distress. Logistic regression was used to examine the relationships between study variables, and structural equation modeling was performed to determine the mediating effect of moral distress. Result(s): Pediatric nurses (N=161) reported high levels of moral distress with a mean score of 101.06 (standard deviation=70.528) on the pediatric version of the Moral Distress Scale. Turnover intention increased 1.01 times for every 1U increase in moral distress. Moral distress fully mediated the relationship between the experience of pediatric patient death and turnover intention. Conclusion(s): Pediatric patient death had an indirect effect on turnover intention through moral distress among pediatric nurses. Reducing pediatric nurses' moral distress caused from experiencing patient death may help minimize their turnover intention.

Citation List Month

April 2022 List

Collection

Citation

Jang SG; Min A; Kim S, “Experience of Pediatric Patient Death, Moral Distress, and Turnover Intention among Pediatric Nurses at a Tertiary Hospital in South Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 25, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18020.