Patient, Caregiver, and Clinician Participation in Prioritization of Research Questions in Pediatric Hospital Medicine

Title

Patient, Caregiver, and Clinician Participation in Prioritization of Research Questions in Pediatric Hospital Medicine

Creator

Gill PJ; Bayliss A; Sozer A; Buchanan F; Breen-Reid K; De Castris-Garcia K; Green M; Quinlan M; Wong N; Frappier S; Cowan K; Chan C; Arafeh D; Anwar MR; Macarthur C; Parkin PC; Cohen E; Mahant S; Canadian Pediatric Inpatient Research Network (PIRN)

Publisher

JAMA Network Open

Date

2022

Subject

Caregiver; Clinician; Collaboration; Patient; Pediatric medicine; Research questions

Description

The research agenda in pediatric hospital medicine has seldom considered the perspectives of young people, parents and caregivers, and health care professionals. Their perspectives may be useful in identifying questions on topics for research.To prioritize unanswered research questions in pediatric hospital medicine from the perspectives of young people, parents/caregivers, and health care professionals.Between August 4, 2020, and August 19, 2021, two online surveys and a virtual workshop were conducted, using modified Delphi technique and nominal group technique. Young people, parents/caregivers, and health care professionals with experiences in pediatric hospital medicine in Canada were included.The established James Lind Alliance Priority Setting Partnership method was used. In phase 1, a survey collected unanswered questions regarding pediatric hospital medicine via 3 open-ended questions. Survey responses were used to develop summary questions that went through an evidence-checking process. Unanswered questions were brought to a phase 2 interim prioritization survey. The top 10 unanswered research questions in pediatric hospital medicine were established at the final priority setting workshop.Survey responses, top 10 research questions.The phase 1 survey was completed by 188 participants (148 of 167 [89%] females; 17 of 167 [10%] males; mean [SD] age, 39.5 [12.4] years) and generated 495 unanswered research questions and comments, of which 58 were deemed out of scope. The remaining 437 responses were grouped into themes (eg, communication, shared decision-making, health service delivery, and health service management) and then refined to 75 unanswered research questions. Of these 75, only 4 questions had sufficient evidence. To make the number of questions in phase 2 manageable, 21 questions submitted by only 1 respondent were eliminated. Fifty unanswered research questions were included in the phase 2 survey, which was completed by 201 participants (165 of 186 [89%] females; 19 of 186 [10%] males; mean [SD] age, 40.0 [11.0] years). A short list of 16 questions—the top 10 questions from patient partners (youths, parents/caregivers) and clinicians—was presented at the final priority setting workshop and the top 10 questions were prioritized. The top 10 questions focused on the care of special inpatient populations (eg, children with medical complexity), communication, shared decision-making, support strategies in the hospital, mental health supports, shortening length of stay, and supporting Indigenous patients, parents/caregivers, and families.This patient-oriented pediatric hospital medicine priority setting partnership identified the most important unanswered research questions focused on the care of children in the hospital. These questions provide a possible roadmap for research on areas deemed important to young people, parents/caregivers, and clinicians.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

June 2022 List

Collection

Citation

Gill PJ; Bayliss A; Sozer A; Buchanan F; Breen-Reid K; De Castris-Garcia K; Green M; Quinlan M; Wong N; Frappier S; Cowan K; Chan C; Arafeh D; Anwar MR; Macarthur C; Parkin PC; Cohen E; Mahant S; Canadian Pediatric Inpatient Research Network (PIRN), “Patient, Caregiver, and Clinician Participation in Prioritization of Research Questions in Pediatric Hospital Medicine,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed February 5, 2023, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17945.

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