Healthcare Utilization of Complex Chronically Ill Children Managed by a Telehealth-Based Team

Title

Healthcare Utilization of Complex Chronically Ill Children Managed by a Telehealth-Based Team

Creator

Braun L; Steurer M; Henry D

Publisher

Frontiers in Pediatrics

Date

2021

Subject

children with medical complexity; telehealth; care coordination; complex chronic care; technology dependent

Description

Objectives: Medical advances have improved survival of critically ill children, increasing the number that have substantial ongoing care needs. The first aim of this study was to compare healthcare utilization of children with complex chronic conditions across an extensive geographic area managed by a predominantly telehealth-based team (FamiLy InteGrated Healthcare Transitions-FLIGHT) compared to matched historical controls. The second aim was to identify risk factors for healthcare utilization within the FLIGHT population. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients enrolled in the care management team. First, we compared them to age- and technology-based matched historic controls across medical resource-utilization outcomes. Second, we used univariable and multivariable linear regression models to identify risk factors for resource utilization within the FLIGHT population. Results: Sixty-four FLIGHT patients were included, with 34 able to be matched with historic controls. FLIGHT patients had significantly fewer hospital days per year (13.6 vs. 30.3 days, p = 0.02) and shorter admissions (6.0 vs. 17.3 days, p = 0.02) compared to controls. Within the telehealth managed population, increased number of technologies was associated with more admissions per year (coefficient 0.90, CI 0.05 - 1.75) and hospital days per year (16.83, CI 1.76 - 31.90), although increased number of complex chronic conditions was not associated with an increase in utilization. Conclusion: A telehealth-based care coordination team was able to significantly decrease some metrics of healthcare utilization in a complex pediatric population. Future study is warranted into utilization of telemedicine for care coordination programs caring for children with medical complexity.

Rights

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Citation List Month

September 2021 List

Collection

Citation

Braun L; Steurer M; Henry D, “Healthcare Utilization of Complex Chronically Ill Children Managed by a Telehealth-Based Team,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 28, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17655.