Improving Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Providers' Perceptions of Palliative Care through a Weekly Case-Based Discussion

Title

Improving Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Providers' Perceptions of Palliative Care through a Weekly Case-Based Discussion

Creator

Allen JD; Shukla R; Baker R; Slaven JE; Moody K

Publisher

Palliative Medicine Reports

Date

2021

Subject

neonatology; quality of life; end-of-life care; interdisciplinary; provider perspectives

Description

Objective: The primary objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a weekly palliative care-guided, case-based discussion of high-risk infants on Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) physician (MD) and Advanced Practice Provider (APP) perceptions of pediatric palliative care (PPC). Study Design: The study setting was a level IV academic NICU in a United States midwestern children's hospital. A pre/post design was used to evaluate the effects of a weekly palliative care-guided, case-based discussion of high-risk infants on neonatology providers' (MD and APP) perspectives of palliative and end-of-life care in the NICU using a previously published survey instrument. Surveys were completed at baseline and after 12 months of implementation. Data was analyzed with a Wilcoxon Signed Rank test with significance set at p < 0.05. Results: Thirty-one providers (13 APPs and 18 MDs) completed both pre- and post-intervention surveys. Post-intervention, providers were more likely to endorse that they "are comfortable with PPC", "feel comfortable teaching PPC to trainees", "feel confident handling end-of-life care", "have time to discuss PPC", and "were satisfied with the transition to end-of-life care for their most recent patient". They also were more likely to report, "families' perception of burden is relevant when making ethical decisions", that "parents are involved in decisions regarding palliative care", and that their "institution is supportive of palliative care." (p-values < 0.05 for all). Conclusion: NICU provider perceptions of palliative care can be improved through the implementation of a case-based interdisciplinary conference that emphasizes palliative care domains in the context of Neonatal ICU care.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

September 2021 List

Collection

Citation

Allen JD; Shukla R; Baker R; Slaven JE; Moody K, “Improving Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Providers' Perceptions of Palliative Care through a Weekly Case-Based Discussion,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 4, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17652.

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