A description of children dependent on long term ventilation via tracheostomy and their hospital resource use

Title

A description of children dependent on long term ventilation via tracheostomy and their hospital resource use

Creator

Giambra BK; Mangeot C; Benscoter DT; Britto MT

Publisher

Journal of Pediatric Nursing

Date

2021

Subject

Child; Mechanical ventilation; Hospitalization; Tracheostomy; Health services

Description

PURPOSE: To describe the proportion of children with an index hospitalization in 2014 who had established long-term invasive ventilator dependence (LTVD), and determine regional variation in hospital length of stay, charges, and readmissions. DESIGN AND METHODS: Multicenter, longitudinal, retrospective cohort study using a recently established algorithm to identify children with LTVD from the Pediatric Health Information System database with an index hospitalization at least once during 2014, excluding normal newborn care or chemotherapy, and the subset with established LTVD. Hospitals were grouped by geographic regions. Analysis included descriptive statistics and multi-variable mixed modeling for length of stay, charges, and readmissions. RESULTS: Of the 615,883 unique children discharged from 45 children's hospitals in 2014, 2235 (0.4%) had established LTVD. Of these, 342 (15%) were hospitalized in the Northeast, 677 (30%) Midwest, 733 (32%) South and 481 (22%) West. Most had at least two complex chronic conditions (97%) and used a medical device for at least two body systems (71%). No statistically significant regional variation was found for length of stay, charges, or readmissions after adjustment for child demographics, admission type, disposition, primary diagnosis, ICU stay, and number of chronic conditions. CONCLUSIONS: This study characterized the population of children with LTVD hospitalized in 2014. No regional variation was found for length of stay, charges, or readmissions. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Children with established LTVD make up a small subset of all children admitted to children's hospitals however, they require substantial, costly, multifaceted care as most have additional complex chronic conditions and require multiple medical devices.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

June 2021 List

Collection

Citation

Giambra BK; Mangeot C; Benscoter DT; Britto MT, “A description of children dependent on long term ventilation via tracheostomy and their hospital resource use,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 4, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17567.

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