Resources and Costs Associated With Repeated Admissions to PICUs

Title

Resources and Costs Associated With Repeated Admissions to PICUs

Creator

Kane JM; Hall M; Cecil C; Montgomery VL; Rakes LC; Rogerson C; Stockwell JA; Slain KN; Goodman DM

Publisher

Critical Care Explorations

Date

2021

Subject

pediatric; intensive care units; healthcare costs; patient readmission

Description

Objective:  To determine the costs and hospital resource use from all PICU patients readmitted with a PICU stay within 12 months of hospital index discharge. Design:  Cross-sectional, retrospective cohort study using Pediatric Health Information System. Setting:  Fifty-two tertiary children’s hospitals. Subjects:  Pediatric patients under 18 years old admitted to the PICU from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2017. Interventions:  None. Measurements and Main Results:  Patient characteristics and costs of care were compared between those with readmission requiring PICU care and those with only a single PICU admission per annum. In this 2-year cohort, there were 239,157 index PICU patients of which 36,970 (15.5%) were readmitted and required PICU care during the 12 months following index admission. The total hospital cost for all index admissions and readmissions was $17.3 billion, of which 21.5% ($3.71 billion) were incurred during a readmission stay involving care in the PICU; of the 3,459,079 hospital days, 20.3% (702,200) were readmission days including those where PICU care was required. Of the readmitted patients, 11,703 (30.0%) received only PICU care, accounting for $662 million in costs and 110,215 PICU days. Although 43.6% of all costs were associated with patients who required readmission, these patients only accounted for 15.5% of the index patients and 28% of index hospitalization expenditures. More patients in the readmitted group had chronic complex conditions at index discharge compared with those not readmitted (83.9% vs 54.9%; p < 0.001). Compared with those discharged directly to home without home healthcare, patients discharged to a skilled nursing facility had 18% lower odds of readmission (odds ratio 0.82 [95% CI, 0.75–0.89]; p < 0.001) and those discharged home with home healthcare had 43% higher odds of readmission (odds ratio, 1.43 [95% CI, 1.36–1.51]; p < 0.001). Conclusions:  Repeated admissions with PICU care resulted in significant direct medical costs and resource use for U.S. children’s hospitals.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

April 2021 List

Collection

Citation

Kane JM; Hall M; Cecil C; Montgomery VL; Rakes LC; Rogerson C; Stockwell JA; Slain KN; Goodman DM, “Resources and Costs Associated With Repeated Admissions to PICUs,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 2, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17495.

Social Bookmarking