Medical complications in a telemedicine home care programme for paediatric ventilated patients

Title

Medical complications in a telemedicine home care programme for paediatric ventilated patients

Creator

Muñoz-Bonet JI; López-Prats JL; Flor-Macián EM; Cantavella T; Domínguez A; Vidal Y; Brines J

Publisher

Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare

Date

2020

Subject

Child; Female; Humans; Male; Child Preschool; Quality of Life; Prospective Studies; Monitoring Physiologic; Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data; Telemedicine; chronic respiratory failure; numerical data; Home Care Services/organization & administration/statistics & numerical data; Intensive Care Units Pediatric/organization & administration/statistics &; invasive mechanical ventilation; life-threatening event; paediatric home care; Respiration Artificial/adverse effects/methods; Telemedicine/organization & administration/statistics & numerical data; Tracheotomy/rehabilitation; ventilator-dependent children

Description

INTRODUCTION: Advances in paediatric medicine have increased survival rates for patients with severe chronic illnesses, of which the most complex are ventilator-dependent children (VDCs). Although home care improves their quality of life, morbidity and mortality rates are high. Our aim was to study the medical complications (events) that occur at home and assess the usefulness of telemedicine in their detection and treatment. METHODS: A prospective clinical study (2007-2017) was performed for tracheotomised VDCs. We used a high-density data telemedicine monitoring system from our Paediatric Intensive Care Unit and analysed events during the first two years of home care to study how different variables inter-correlated with the four most common ones: hospital admissions, admissions avoided, event durations and life-threatening events (LTEs); the significance level was set at an alpha of 0.05 in all cases. RESULTS: All our VDCs were included (n = 12); there were 141 events, and these were homogeneously distributed over the study period. The incidence was higher in children who were ventilator dependent for more than 12 h a day (70.9%, p < 0.001) and the main cause was respiratory (69.5%, p < 0.001). Telemedicine was the main initial care and monitoring approach (86.5% and 90.1%, respectively, p < 0.001); 13 events were LTEs, nine were resolved telemedically, four required medicalised transfer to hospital and three resulted in a hospital admission. DISCUSSION: Clinical complications are frequent in VDCs receiving home care, and respiratory decompensation is the most frequent cause. Telemedicine facilitated diagnosis and early treatment, and was useful in managing LTEs.

Rights

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Citation List Month

February 2021 List

Collection

Citation

Muñoz-Bonet JI; López-Prats JL; Flor-Macián EM; Cantavella T; Domínguez A; Vidal Y; Brines J, “Medical complications in a telemedicine home care programme for paediatric ventilated patients,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 31, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17425.

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