Oral and dental considerations in pediatric cancers


Oral and dental considerations in pediatric cancers


Ritwik P; Chrisentery-Singleton T E


Cancer metastasis reviews




child; complication; human; palliative therapy; female; male; survival rate; practice guideline; childhood cancer; cancer survival; cancer therapy; review; adolescent; pain; systematic review; occupation; Medline; prevention; vulnerable population; mucosa inflammation; cancer survivor; counseling; dental procedure; cancer prevention; cancer screening; English (language); immunosuppressive treatment; mouth infection; pediatric dentist; tooth malformation


Oral health care is an integral component of interprofessional collaborative care for children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer. The current review highlights the phases of cancer therapy when dental interventions and palliative care are necessary for children diagnosed with cancer. Contemporary research and review articles pertinent to the oral and dental complications during pediatric cancer therapy and late effects in pediatric cancer survivors were identified by PubMed/MEDLINE search. Best practice guidelines set forth by specialty organizations were also included. The literature search was limited to articles published in the English language. Baseline oral and dental health assessment should occur before initiation of cancer therapy to prevent debilitating complications during the immunosuppressed phase. Counseling on preventive oral health practices is imperative during cancer treatment. Ideally, all dental treatment should be completed before initiation of immunosuppressive therapy. Palliative care and treatment for mucositis, opportunistic oral infections, pain, and other oral complications associated with cancer therapy should be provided as necessary. Survivors of childhood cancers present with unique craniofacial and dental anomalies, dependent on the type of cancer treatment and age at the time of treatment. Pediatric dentists and pediatric oncology teams work collaboratively to screen for and treat dental and oral diseases. As the survival rates of childhood cancers improve, it is essential for the dental profession to provide the individualized care necessary for this vulnerable population. The oral health profession also reinforces health practices congruent with cancer prevention and cancer screening.


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Ritwik P; Chrisentery-Singleton T E, “Oral and dental considerations in pediatric cancers,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 21, 2023, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17395.