eHealth and mHealth psychosocial interventions for youths with chronic illnesses: A systematic review

Title

eHealth and mHealth psychosocial interventions for youths with chronic illnesses: A systematic review

Creator

Lau N; Waldbaum S; Parigoris R; O'Daffer A; Walsh C; Colt SF; Yi-Frazier JP; Palermo TM; McCauley E; Rosenberg AR

Identifier

Publisher

JMIR Pediatrics and Parenting

Date

2020

Subject

chronic illness; eHealth; mental health; mHealth; pediatrics; psychosocial interventions

Description

BACKGROUND: An estimated 12.8% of children and adolescents experience chronic health conditions which lead to poor quality of life, adjustment and coping issues, and concurrent mental health problems. Digital health deployment of psychosocial interventions to support youth with chronic illness has become increasingly popular with the advent of the technological advances in the Digital Age. OBJECTIVE: To (1) systematically review published efficacy studies of eHealth (internet-based) and mHealth (mobile health) psychosocial interventions for youths with chronic illnesses; and, (2) review intervention theory and treatment components. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Database of Systematic reviews were searched for studies published from 2008-2019 of eHealth and mHealth psychosocial interventions designed for children and adolescents with chronic illnesses in which efficacy outcomes were reported. We excluded studies of interventions for caregivers, healthy youth, disease and medication management, and telehealth interventions that function solely as a platform to connect patients to providers via phone, text, or videoconference. RESULTS: We screened 2,551 articles, and 133 relevant full-text articles. Sixteen efficacy studies with psychosocial and health outcomes met inclusion criteria, which represented 12 unique interventions. Of the included studies, 12 were randomized controlled trials and four were prospective cohort studies with no comparison group. Most interventions were based in cognitive-behavioral theory and designed as eHealth interventions; only 2 were designed as an mHealth intervention. All but two interventions provided access to support staff via text, phone, email, or discussion forums. The significant heterogeneity in intervention content, intervention structure, medical diagnoses, and outcomes precluded meta-analysis. For example, measurement timepoints ranged from immediately post-completion of the mHealth program to 18-months later, and we identified 39 unique outcomes of interest. The majority of included studies (11/16, 68.75%) reported significant changes in measured health and/or psychosocial post-treatment outcomes, with small to large effect sizes. CONCLUSIONS: Although the available literature on the efficacy of eHealth and mHealth psychosocial interventions for youth with chronic illnesses is limited, preliminary research suggests some evidence of positive treatment responses. Future studies should continue to evaluate whether digital health platforms may be a viable alternative model of delivery to traditional face-to-face approaches.

Rights

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Citation List Month

December 2020 List

Collection

Citation

Lau N; Waldbaum S; Parigoris R; O'Daffer A; Walsh C; Colt SF; Yi-Frazier JP; Palermo TM; McCauley E; Rosenberg AR, “eHealth and mHealth psychosocial interventions for youths with chronic illnesses: A systematic review,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 23, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17289.

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