Bereavement care interventions for children under the age of 18 following the death of a sibling: a systematic review

Title

Bereavement care interventions for children under the age of 18 following the death of a sibling: a systematic review

Creator

Ridley A; Frache S

Publisher

Palliative Medicine

Date

2020

Subject

Bereavement; child; death; paediatrics; review; siblings

Description

BACKGROUND: Childhood bereavement after sibling death is common, but often unrecognized. The psychosomatic and socioeconomic outcomes of bereaved children can be compromised if appropriate care is unavailable during the formative years leading into adulthood. AIM: This review aims to describe the methods, structures and procedures of bereavement care for children and adolescents after the loss of a sibling, and the impact on the families benefiting from these interventions. DESIGN: A systematic review without restriction on study design was conducted. DATA SOURCES: Four databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library) were searched for articles published from 2000 to 2019. The search was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines and the protocol is registered on PROSPERO under number CRD42019124675. Articles were assessed against eligibility criteria by both authors, and quality was appraised using CASP checklists and NHMRC grading guidelines. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies met inclusion criteria. Bereavement care was most often accessed by children ages 6-18 who lost a sibling to cancer 6-12 months prior. The interventions were typically group sessions or weekend camps, run predominantly by unpaid staff from a variety of backgrounds. Some staff members received priori specific training. Grief education is taught through mediated discussion and bereavement-centered activities balanced with playful and relaxed activities. Several services have effectuated evaluations of their interventions, and preliminary results show a positive effect for families. CONCLUSION: Existing literature most likely gives an incomplete picture of appropriate childhood bereavement care, and many interventions possibly remain unpublished or published in other non-scientific sources. An effective response to childhood grief would involve collaboration between medical resources and community services, reinforced through the development of outreach and training programs.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

October 2020 List

Collection

Citation

Ridley A; Frache S, “Bereavement care interventions for children under the age of 18 following the death of a sibling: a systematic review,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 22, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17236.

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