Assessment of Bereaved Caregiver Experiences of Advance Care Planning for Children With Medical Complexity

Title

Assessment of Bereaved Caregiver Experiences of Advance Care Planning for Children With Medical Complexity

Creator

Lord S; Moore C; Beatty M; Cohen E; Rapoport A; Hellmann J; Netten K; Amin R; Orkin J

Publisher

JAMA Network Open

Date

2020

Subject

advance care planning; bereavement; caregiver experiences; children with medical complexity; end-of-life; pediatrics

Description

ImportanceAdvance care planning (ACP) is the process of discussing values and preferences for care to help inform medical decision-making. Children with medical complexity (CMC) often have a shortened life span with an unpredictable clinical course and timing of death; however, there is a paucity of literature that describes the experience of ACP from the perspective of bereaved family caregivers of CMC.ObjectiveTo explore the experiences of bereaved family caregivers with ACP for CMC.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsThis qualitative study included 12 interviews with 13 bereaved family caregivers of CMC whose deaths had occurred in the 5 years before study commencement (2013-2018). Participants were recruited at a single tertiary care pediatric center; CMC were treated by the Complex Care or Long-term Ventilation clinic in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Data were collected from July to October 2018. Thematic analysis with an inductive approach was used.ExposuresQualitative interviews were conducted using purposive sampling of bereaved family caregivers using semistructured interviews that were recorded and transcribed. Interviews were conducted until saturation was reached.Main Outcomes and MeasuresTranscripts were analyzed to create themes that characterized caregiver experiences with ACP.ResultsA total of 13 family caregivers were interviewed in 12 interviews, all of whom were parents (12 [92%] women, 1 [8%] man) of a deceased child (aged 7 months to 12 years). Themes were divided in the 3 following categories, which align with the Donabedian model for health service quality: (1) structure of care, (2) ACP process, and (3) end-of-life experience. Notable subthemes for this population included the importance of accounting for parental expertise in the child’s care, recurrent experiences with life-threatening events, relative shock of the timing of death, and the multiple losses that caregivers experienced.Conclusions and RelevanceIn this study, parental experiences revealed that there are key aspects of the structure of the child’s care, process around ACP, and end-of-life care experiences that provide important reflections on ACP that warrant future study.

Rights

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Citation List Month

September 2020 List

Collection

Citation

Lord S; Moore C; Beatty M; Cohen E; Rapoport A; Hellmann J; Netten K; Amin R; Orkin J, “Assessment of Bereaved Caregiver Experiences of Advance Care Planning for Children With Medical Complexity,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 17, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/17206.

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