Effect of hand splints on stereotypic hand behavior of three girls with Rett syndrome

Title

Effect of hand splints on stereotypic hand behavior of three girls with Rett syndrome

Creator

Naganuma G M; Billingsley F F

Publisher

Physical Therapy

Date

1988

Subject

Child; Humans; Adolescent; Female; Syndrome; Splints; Stereotyped Behavior; Autistic Disorder; Hand; Intellectual Disability; Neuromuscular Diseases/rehabilitation; tone and motor problems; Rett syndrome; physical intervention; Thumb abduction splints; stereotypic hand behavior; finger-feeding skills; hand splints

Description

The purpose of this multiple baseline study was to examine the effect of bilateral hand splints on the persistent stereotypic hand movements of three adolescent girls with Rett syndrome. Among the most characteristic features of Rett syndrome are stereotypic hand-writing and hand-biting behavior and loss of previously acquired functional hand skills. The hand splints used in this study consisted of cuffs encircling the palm that positioned the subjects' thumbs in abduction. Duration percentages of subjects' stereotypic hand behavior and functional hand use were calculated from five-minute videotaped segments recorded during a finger-feeding condition and a free-time condition. All three subjects demonstrated a decrease in the amount of time spent in stereotypic hand behavior after application of hand splints, and one subject showed an increase in finger-feeding skills while wearing hand splints. Limitations of the study are discussed, and suggestions for clinical application and future research are offered.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation

Naganuma G M; Billingsley F F, “Effect of hand splints on stereotypic hand behavior of three girls with Rett syndrome,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 5, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16763.

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