Gabapentin Successfully Manages Chronic Unexplained Irritability in Children With Severe Neurologic Impairment

Title

Gabapentin Successfully Manages Chronic Unexplained Irritability in Children With Severe Neurologic Impairment

Creator

Hauer Julie M; Wical B S; Charnas L

Publisher

Pediatrics

Date

2007

Subject

Severity of Illness Index; infant; Nervous System Diseases/complications; Pain; Humans; Adolescent; Child Preschool; adolescent; Infant; Retrospective Studies; Analgesics/therapeutic use; Amines/therapeutic use; Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids/therapeutic use; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/therapeutic use; Irritability; Irritable Mood/drug effects; Remission Induction; NET Files; chronic disease; steroid; clinical feature; priority journal; brain disease; gabapentin/dt [Drug Therapy]; tricyclic antidepressant agent/dt [Drug Therapy]; symptomatology; human; article; child; female; male; controlled study; adult; clinical article; drug withdrawal; amitriptyline/dt [Drug Therapy]; brain ischemia; drug dose titration; Gabapentin; gabapentin/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]; gastritis; hyperalgesia/dt [Drug Therapy]; infantile spasm; intestinal dysmotility; neurologic disease/dt [Drug Therapy]; Neurological impairment; nystagmus/si [Side Effect]; proton pump inhibitor; salazosulfapyridine; Visceral hyperalgesia

Description

Neurologically impaired children have an increased frequency of recurrent pain and irritability that persist in some despite comprehensive evaluation and management of possible pain sources. We hypothesized that visceral hyperalgesia was a source of chronic unexplained irritability and report the outcome of gabapentin treatment in 9 severely neurologically impaired children. Caregivers reported marked improvement after treatment ranging from 3 months to 3 years. Nystagmus in 1 child was the only noted adverse effect. Visceral hyperalgesia may be a source of unexplained irritability in the neurologically impaired child. Symptoms may improve with gabapentin treatment.

Rights

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Citation

Hauer Julie M; Wical B S; Charnas L, “Gabapentin Successfully Manages Chronic Unexplained Irritability in Children With Severe Neurologic Impairment,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 24, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16679.

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