Diagnosis and Management of Drooling in Children With Progressive Dystonia: A Case Series of Patients With MEGDEL Syndrome

Title

Diagnosis and Management of Drooling in Children With Progressive Dystonia: A Case Series of Patients With MEGDEL Syndrome

Creator

Blommaert D; van Hulst K; Hoogen F J A van den; Erasmus C E; Wortmann S B

Publisher

Journal of Child Neurology

Date

2016

Subject

feeding difficulties; MEGDEL syndrome; surgical intervention; pharmacological intervention; bilateral submandibular gland excision; parotid duct ligation; advice to interrupt tongue protrusion; adenotonsillectomy; feeding advice; antireflux medication

Description

Drooling is a common problem in children with progressive dystonia. The authors noted a 58% incidence of drooling in 22/38 children with MEGDEL, a rare neurodegenerative cause of dystonia and report on the clinical course of four patients. Drooling of varying severity and subsequent respiratory problems were treated at the authors' multidisciplinary saliva-control outpatient clinic. One patient improved on antireflux medication, the second after medication with drooling as side effect was changed. Two other patients underwent salivary gland surgery, one of whom significantly improved; the other died shortly after surgery. The heterogeneity of the cases presented shows the need for stepwise and personalized treatment. The authors recommend the following: (1) optimize the treatment of the underlying neurological condition and replace medication that stimulates saliva secretion; (2) treat constipation, scoliosis, and gastroesophageal reflux if there is still a risk of chronic aspiration of saliva; (3) perform more intense/invasive treatment (botulinum toxin, salivary gland surgery).

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation

Blommaert D; van Hulst K; Hoogen F J A van den; Erasmus C E; Wortmann S B, “Diagnosis and Management of Drooling in Children With Progressive Dystonia: A Case Series of Patients With MEGDEL Syndrome,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 26, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16591.

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