Esophageal strictures in children with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: an 11-year experience with fluoroscopically guided balloon dilatation

Title

Esophageal strictures in children with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: an 11-year experience with fluoroscopically guided balloon dilatation

Creator

Azizkhan R G; Stehr W; Cohen A P; Wittkugel E; Farrell M K; Lucky A W; Hammelman B D; Johnson N D; Racadio J M

Publisher

Journal of Pediatric Surgery

Date

2006

Subject

Adolescent; Barium; Catheterization; Child; Preschool; Epidermolysis Bullosa; Dystrophica/co [Complications]; Esophageal Stenosis/et [Etiology]; Esophageal Stenosis/th [Therapy]; Female; Humans; Male; Retrospective Studies; Treatment Outcome; 24GP945V5T (Barium); feeding difficulties; surgical intervention; fluoroscopically guided balloon dilatation

Description

BACKGROUND: Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is an inherited blistering skin disorder that is associated with significant esophageal strictures, resulting in dysphagia and nutritional failure. Although endoscopically guided balloon dilatation is a widely used treatment, the use of an endoscope carries the risk of oropharyngeal trauma. To minimize this risk, we have eliminated its use. METHOD: We reviewed the charts of all RDEB patients who underwent balloon dilatation for esophageal strictures between August 1993 and March 2005. Balloon dilatation procedures were performed under anesthesia and with fluoroscopic control. RESULTS: We performed 92 dilatations on 25 RDEB patients. Most patients reported immediate relief of symptoms, rapid recovery, and resumption of adequate food intake within 1 day. The mean interval between dilatations was 1 year. Six patients (24%) have required only 1 dilatation, and 1 of these 6 has had a dilatation-free interval of 25 months. One patient with a history of multiple dilatations has remained dilatation-free for 5 years. No procedure-related complications have occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Fluoroscopically guided balloon dilatation is a gentle, safe, effective, and repeatable technique that should be considered as a first line of treatment.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation

Azizkhan R G; Stehr W; Cohen A P; Wittkugel E; Farrell M K; Lucky A W; Hammelman B D; Johnson N D; Racadio J M, “Esophageal strictures in children with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: an 11-year experience with fluoroscopically guided balloon dilatation,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 4, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16580.

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