Palliative care integration in pediatric cardiac intensive care units: A novel champion-based model

Title

Palliative care integration in pediatric cardiac intensive care units: A novel champion-based model

Creator

Moynihan K; Kaye E; Bailey V; Wolfe J; Thiagarajan R; Snaman J

Publisher

Critical Care Medicine

Date

2019

Subject

child; comorbidity; conceptual framework; conceptual model; conference abstract; consensus; coronary care unit; feasibility study; heart development; heart disease; hospitalization; human; morbidity; outcome assessment; palliative therapy; prognosis; rotation; simulation; total quality management

Description

Learning Objectives: Integration of pediatric palliative care (PPC) into the management of children with serious illness and their families is widely endorsed by international organizations and experts in the field as standard of care. However, timely referral to, and integration of PPC into the traditionally cure-orientated Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) remains variable. Despite significant declines in mortality for children with cardiac disease, key challenges confront the pediatric CICU community with regards to prognostication and discussion of goals of care. In the context of significant comorbidities and technological dependence, lengthy hospitalizations and recurrent admissions as well as interventions risking significant morbidity, these patients and families would benefit from PPC involvement across the illness trajectory. Methods: We propose a novel, conceptual framework for palliative care integration into the CICU using expert consensus and literature review. Results: The model utilizes CICU-based, interdisciplinary "champions". Pediatric Palliative Care Champions (PPCCs) would be identified from within the CICU team and receive additional training through PPC courses and rotations with sub-specialty PPC services. PPCCs would perform 3 primary roles. First, their clinical role as a liaison aims to strengthen provision of primary palliative care in daily CICU practice and improve utilization of sub-specialty PPC by encouraging earlier involvement in more complex patients' management. Second, PPCCs will lead educational and communication training of CICU staff including simulation sessions, focused on eliciting preferences, discussing prognosis, providing difficult news, assessing hopes and worries, and making goal-based recommendations. Third, PPCCs will be integral in CICU operational aspects and quality improvement initiatives including the development of CICU protocols and standard operating procedures to enhance the provision of high quality care at the end of life. Conclusions: This novel conceptual model for integration of PPC into CICUs is designed for adaptability in the context of cultural, financial, personnel, and logistic needs and constraints unique to each institution. While the PPCC framework offers several unique advantages over other care models, barriers to implementation are anticipated. Further research is needed to investigate the feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of this model on standard outcome measures as well as patient- and parent-reported metrics.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

December 2019 List

Collection

Citation

Moynihan K; Kaye E; Bailey V; Wolfe J; Thiagarajan R; Snaman J, “Palliative care integration in pediatric cardiac intensive care units: A novel champion-based model,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 1, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16553.

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