Socioeconomic Status and Health Services Utilization for Children With Complex Chronic Conditions Liable to Receive Nurse-Led Services: A Cross-Sectional Study

Title

Socioeconomic Status and Health Services Utilization for Children With Complex Chronic Conditions Liable to Receive Nurse-Led Services: A Cross-Sectional Study

Creator

Perez-Ardanaz B; Morales-Asencio JM; Garcia-Pinero JM; Lupianez-Perez I; Morales-Gil IM; Kaknani-Uttumchandani S

Identifier

Publisher

Journal of Nursing Scholarship

Date

2019

Subject

chronic disease; Case management; child health services; healthcare disparities; hospice and palliative care nursing; multimorbidity; pediatric nursing; socioeconomic factors

Description

AIM: To analyze the use of health services for children with severe chronic diseases, seeking to identify patterns of use according to sociodemographic and clinical conditions, and to identify unmet needs of care coordination that could benefit from nursing case management services. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Children treated in ambulatory and hospital care in Granada, Spain, with complex chronic diseases in 2016 were analyzed to determine their use of healthcare resources. Socioeconomic variables were evaluated, along with clinical status and duration of their conditions. RESULTS: In total, 265 children were analyzed (mean age 7.3 years, SD 4.63; 56.6% male). The average duration of the disease was 63.26 months (SD 54.09). The most common types of disease were neurological (35.80%), congenital (23.90%), and oncological (18.90%). Multivariate analysis showed that children in need of advanced care (beta = 0.71), with a relatively recent diagnosis (beta = -0.11), with criteria for palliative care 1 (beta = -0.26), and whose mothers were older (beta = 0.36) and had a higher educational level (beta = 0.19) made greater use of healthcare resources during the preceding 12 months, whether urgent or scheduled (r(2) = 78.0%, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Children with higher needs for advanced care have a heterogeneous use of healthcare resources depending on certain clinical and sociodemographic determinants. This finding highlights the importance of the identification of profiles of children and families for care coordination. The presence of sociodemographic determinants may need individualized approaches to assure a timely health care utilization. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A significant proportion of the children used multiple health services, being treated at several centers simultaneously, and producing up to 139 total yearly contacts with the health system. Policymakers, healthcare providers, and patients' families should engage in a redesign of healthcare services for these children, providing comprehensive and coordinated systems of care for this population.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

September 2019 List

Collection

Citation

Perez-Ardanaz B; Morales-Asencio JM; Garcia-Pinero JM; Lupianez-Perez I; Morales-Gil IM; Kaknani-Uttumchandani S, “Socioeconomic Status and Health Services Utilization for Children With Complex Chronic Conditions Liable to Receive Nurse-Led Services: A Cross-Sectional Study,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 5, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16473.

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