Differences in Advance Care Planning and Circumstances of Death for Pediatric Patients Who Do and Do Not Receive Palliative Care Consults: A Single-Center Retrospective Review of All Pediatric Deaths from 2012 to 2016

Title

Differences in Advance Care Planning and Circumstances of Death for Pediatric Patients Who Do and Do Not Receive Palliative Care Consults: A Single-Center Retrospective Review of All Pediatric Deaths from 2012 to 2016

Creator

Harmoney K; Mobley EM; Gilbertson-White S; Brogden NK; Benson RJ

Publisher

Journal of Palliative Medicine

Date

2019

Subject

article; child; female; human; major clinical study; male; controlled study; hospice; medical record review; do not resuscitate order; palliative therapy; advance care planning; life sustaining treatment; pediatric patient; physician; retrospective study; time of death; statistics; tertiary care center

Description

Background: Growing evidence suggests that pediatric palliative care (PPC) teams influence the care received by children and young adults with chronic, life-limiting illnesses. Little is known about how PPC involvement affects advance care planning (ACP) and circumstances of death in pediatric populations with a wide range of diagnoses. Objective: To determine the relationship between PPC involvement, ACP, and circumstances of death for pediatric patients. Design: A retrospective chart review of 558 pediatric patients who died between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2016 was conducted. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the sample. A multivariable logistic regression was used to obtain associations between PPC involvement and ACP. Setting: Large, multidisciplinary tertiary care center in a rural state. Measurements: Data abstracted for each patient included the following: demographic information, diagnosis, location of primary unit, hospice involvement, goals of care (GOC), code status, Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) completion, and location of death. Results: Patients with PPC involvement were more likely to have had ACP addressed before death. After adjusting for covariates in the model, patients with PPC were more likely to have their GOC documented (odds ratio [OR] = 96.93), completion of POLST (OR = 24.06), do-not-resuscitate code status (OR = 7.71), and hospice involvement at the time of death (OR = 11.70) compared with those who did not receive PPC. Conclusions: Pediatric patients are more likely to have ACP addressed if they have PPC involvement. Patients with chronic complex conditions are most likely to receive palliative care.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

September 2019 List

Collection

Citation

Harmoney K; Mobley EM; Gilbertson-White S; Brogden NK; Benson RJ, “Differences in Advance Care Planning and Circumstances of Death for Pediatric Patients Who Do and Do Not Receive Palliative Care Consults: A Single-Center Retrospective Review of All Pediatric Deaths from 2012 to 2016,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 26, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16463.

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