Pain coping strategies in children with cerebral palsy

Title

Pain coping strategies in children with cerebral palsy

Creator

Chaleat-Valayer E; Roumenoff F; Bard-Pondarre R; Ganne C; Verdun S; Lucet A; Bernard JC

Identifier

Publisher

Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology

Date

2019

Description

AIM: To describe coping strategies in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP), relative to age. METHOD: Patients were prospectively recruited from two paediatric rehabilitation centres in France. The Pediatric Pain Coping Inventory - French and Structured Pain Questionnaire were completed by an experienced professional for each child. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-two children with CP were included (80 males, 62 females; median age 12y; IQR=8-15y). They generally used fewer coping strategies than typically developing children ('Seeks social support and action': 12.47 vs 12.85, p=0.477; 'Cognitive self-instruction': 9.28 vs 10.90, p<0.001; 'Distraction': 4.89 vs 7.00, p<0.001; 'Problem solving': 4.43 vs 5.19, p<0.001). In the CP group, 'Seeks social support and action' decreased with age (p=0.021) and 'Cognitive self-instruction' increased with age (p<0.001). 'Problem solving' and 'Distraction' did not change with age. Coping strategies were influenced by Gross Motor Function Classification System level (p=0.022) and history of surgery (p=0.002). INTERPRETATION: Children with CP generally used fewer coping strategies than typically developing children and tended to rely on social support. Use of active strategies increased with age; however, they appeared later than in typically developing children and were used to a lesser extent. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) use fewer pain-coping strategies than typically developing children. Children with CP tend to use social support to cope with pain. Children with CP learn more appropriate strategies from previous painful experiences. Active coping strategies appear later but remain underused in children with CP.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

May 2019 List

Collection

Citation

Chaleat-Valayer E; Roumenoff F; Bard-Pondarre R; Ganne C; Verdun S; Lucet A; Bernard JC, “Pain coping strategies in children with cerebral palsy,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 5, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16138.

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