Introduction to a Novel Palliative Care Intervention for Family Caregivers of Children and Adolescents Living with Rare Diseases (TH308)

Title

Introduction to a Novel Palliative Care Intervention for Family Caregivers of Children and Adolescents Living with Rare Diseases (TH308)

Creator

Friebert S; Fratantoni K; Wiener L; Needle J; Fraser J; Gaines J; Alderfer M; Lyon M

Publisher

Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

Date

2019

Subject

advance care planning; adolescent; pediatrics; feasibility study; palliative therapy; major clinical study; needs assessment; videorecording; caregiver; nonhuman; Human immunodeficiency virus; human experiment; malignant neoplasm; wellbeing; skill; conference abstract; human; child; female; male; controlled study; interview; comorbidity; uncertainty; medical care; social isolation; rare disease; health disparity; rigor

Description

Objectives: *Establish the need for a family caregiver intervention for parents of children with rare diseases.*Introduce the intervention and its components.*Disseminate findings from the piloting of this intervention. In the U.S. a rare disease is defined as a condition affecting fewer than 200,000 persons. Pediatric patients with rare diseases experience high mortality. Pediatric advance care planning (pACP), a key component of pediatric palliative care, has been proven to improve communication and spiritual and emotional well-being for children with cancer and HIV and their families. For providers, pACP, involves preparation and skill development to facilitate discussions about goals of care and future medical care choices. Due to the uncertainty surrounding a rare disease diagnosis, social isolation and the likelihood of parents being asked to make complex medical decisions for their child, rare diseases exact a severe emotional toll on families. There is an urgent need for interventions to ease the suffering of these families, yet few empirically validated interventions exist to address these issues. Moreover, children with rare diseases are a heterogeneous group who because of co-morbidities are often excluded from research, thereby creating a health disparity. Available research lacks scientific rigor. Our consultation with families of children with rare diseases and with the National Organization for Rare Disorders revealed that basic palliative care needs should be addressed prior to a pACP intervention. Thus, we pilot tested the innovative FACE-Rare intervention, integrating two, previously adapted for pediatrics, evidence-based interventions: Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (Sessions 1 & 2) plus Respecting Choices (Sessions 3 & 4). For acceptability, feasibility and safety purposes, we pilot tested the 4-session intervention, conducted exit interviews, baseline and 2-week post-intervention assessments. This session will review the existing research on the palliative care needs of family caregivers of children with rare diseases, introduce this innovative intervention and its components, disseminate findings from the beta testing and pilot testing, and discuss future directions for research. Video clips will also be presented.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

March 2019 List

Collection

Citation

Friebert S; Fratantoni K; Wiener L; Needle J; Fraser J; Gaines J; Alderfer M; Lyon M, “Introduction to a Novel Palliative Care Intervention for Family Caregivers of Children and Adolescents Living with Rare Diseases (TH308),” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 25, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16100.

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