Development and pilot testing of a coping kit for parents of hospitalized children

Title

Development and pilot testing of a coping kit for parents of hospitalized children

Creator

Hill Douglas L; Carroll KW; Snyder KJG; Mascarenhas M; Erlichman J; Patterson CA; Barakat Lamia P; Feudtner C

Publisher

Academic Pediatrics

Date

2018

Description

Objective Serious pediatric illness places great stress on families. Parents who learn coping skills may better manage these stressors. This study sought to develop and refine a stress coping intervention for parents of hospitalized children, assess the intervention acceptability among these parents, and gather preliminary data on stress, negative and positive affect, anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy. Methods We conducted an observational study in 2 phases, enrolling parents of children who were inpatients with serious illness, 10 in Phase 1 and 40 in Phase 2. All parents completed at baseline measures of stress and psychological well-being and were introduced to the Coping Kit for Parents. Follow-up interviews were conducted at one week (all parents) and one month (Phase 2 parents only) regarding the acceptability of the intervention. Results At baseline, parents reported that stressful situations were frequent (mean=30.6, SD=6.8) and difficult (mean=26.2, SD=7.1), and revealed elevated levels of negative affect (mean=27.3, SD=7.7), depression (mean=8.5, SD=3.7) and anxiety (mean=11.3, SD=3.1), and moderate levels of self-efficacy related to their child's illness (mean=3.3, SD=0.5). The majority of parents used the kit regularly and on a scale of 1 to 7 agreed that the kit was helpful (mean=6.0, SD=0.9), interesting (mean=5.7, SD=1.3), practical (mean=5.7, SD=1.4), enjoyable (mean=6.0, SD=1.3), and they would recommend it to other parents (mean=6.4, SD=0.9). Conclusions The Coping Kit for Parents is an acceptable stress management intervention that could be made available to parents of children with serious illness at pediatric hospitals with minimal staff training or time commitment.

Citation List Month

January 2019 List

Collection

Citation

Hill Douglas L; Carroll KW; Snyder KJG; Mascarenhas M; Erlichman J; Patterson CA; Barakat Lamia P; Feudtner C, “Development and pilot testing of a coping kit for parents of hospitalized children,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 4, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/15914.

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