Grief and growth in bereaved siblings: Interactions between different sources of social support

Title

Grief and growth in bereaved siblings: Interactions between different sources of social support

Creator

Howard SKM; Russell C; Keim M; Barrera Maru; Gilmer Mary Jo; Foster AT; Compas BE; Fairclough DL; Davies B; Hogan Nancy; Young-Saleme T; Vannatta K; Gerhardt CA

Identifier

Publisher

School Psychology Quarterly

Date

2018

Subject

Bereavement; Grief; Interpersonal Interaction; Siblings; Social Support

Description

The objective was to characterize the relation between different sources of school-based social support (friends, peers, and teachers) and bereaved siblings’ grief and grief-related growth and to examine whether nonparental sources of social support buffer the effects of low parent support on bereaved siblings. Families (N = 85) were recruited from cancer registries at 3 pediatric institutions 3–12 months after a child’s death. Bereaved siblings were 8–18 years old (M = 12.39, SD = 2.65) and majority female (58%) and White (74%). During home visits, siblings reported their perceptions of social support from parental and nonparental sources using the Social Support Scale for Children, as well as grief and grief-related growth using the Hogan Sibling Inventory of Bereavement. Parent, friend, and teacher support were positively correlated with grief-related growth, whereas parent and peer support were negatively correlated with grief for adolescents. Teacher and friend support significantly moderated the association between parent support and grief such that teacher and friend support accentuated the positive effects of parent support. Friend and peer support moderated associations between parent support and grief/growth for adolescents but not children. School-based social support, namely from friends, peers, and teachers, appears to facilitate the adjustment of bereaved siblings. Findings suggest that bereaved siblings may benefit from enhanced support from teachers and friends regardless of age, with middle/high school students particularly benefitting from increased support from close friends and peers. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved) Impact and Implications—This study suggests that school-based social support may enhance the positive effect of parental support for bereaved siblings and, in the case of peer support, compensate for low parental support. Thus, bereaved siblings may benefit from social support from teachers and close friends across ages, with adolescents in middle/high school particularly benefitting from social support from peers and close friends. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here.

Citation List Month

October 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Howard SKM; Russell C; Keim M; Barrera Maru; Gilmer Mary Jo; Foster AT; Compas BE; Fairclough DL; Davies B; Hogan Nancy; Young-Saleme T; Vannatta K; Gerhardt CA, “Grief and growth in bereaved siblings: Interactions between different sources of social support,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed November 21, 2018, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/15566.

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