Drug Abuse and Diversion in Pediatric Palliative Care-What You Should Know, What You Can Do, and What You Can Learn from Our Multisite Experience

Title

Drug Abuse and Diversion in Pediatric Palliative Care-What You Should Know, What You Can Do, and What You Can Learn from Our Multisite Experience

Creator

Miller E; Humphrey L; Thienprayoon R

Publisher

Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

Date

2018

Subject

Health Care Sciences & Services

Description

Background Prescription drug abuse is an epidemic in the US, leading to increased government oversight in opioid prescribing. The issue becomes more complicated when minor children are involved. One pediatric palliative care team found that of 62 consecutive children and young adults who were stratified for opioid misuse, >60% were at either moderate or high risk. In 6 cases, the patient was weaned from opioids or the team stopped prescribing due to diversion or misuse behaviors. Thus safe opioid prescribing should be a priority for all pediatric palliative care (PPC) teams. Discussion Using a case-based discussion, we will review pediatric-specific opioid abuse data and best evidence around safe opioid prescribing. We will discuss the safe-opioid prescribing “opioid bundle” developed by the Pediatric Palliative and Comfort Care Team (PACT) at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and how it has been rolled out at two additional children's hospitals. We will talk in-depth about caring for high risk patients, highlighting cases of confirmed diversion and the resulting de-prescribing. We will include cases of minor children with diversion by adult caregivers as well as adolescent and young adult patients participating in drug diversion. Conclusions Given the high risk of drug misuse, abuse and diversion, safe opioid prescribing is necessary for all PPC teams. The “opioid bundle” created by PACT is a practical method for PPC teams nationwide to employ in the care of their patients.
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Citation List Month

May 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Miller E; Humphrey L; Thienprayoon R, “Drug Abuse and Diversion in Pediatric Palliative Care-What You Should Know, What You Can Do, and What You Can Learn from Our Multisite Experience,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed November 20, 2018, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/15125.

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