Patients with malignant hematological disorders treated on a palliative care unit: prognostic impact of clinical factors

Title

Patients with malignant hematological disorders treated on a palliative care unit: prognostic impact of clinical factors

Creator

Kripp M; Willer A; Schmidt C; Pilz LR; Gencer D; Buchheidt D; Hochhaus A; Hofmann W-K; Hofheinz R-D

Publisher

Annals Of Hematology

Date

2014

Subject

adolescent; Female; Humans; Male; retrospective studies; Survival Rate; Adult; Analgesics; Prospective Studies; Aged; Middle Aged; Risk Factors; Time Factors; Serum Albumin; Parenteral Nutrition; Palliative Care; Opioid; Databases; Factual; Disease-Free Survival; Blood Transfusion; Hematologic Neoplasms; Hemoglobins; Idiopathic; Platelet Count; Purpura; Thrombocytopenic

Description

A reliable estimation of prognosis in patients receiving palliative care is desirable in order to facilitate clinical decision finding. For patients with advanced hematological malignancies, only few data are available to estimate prognosis of the individual's remaining life span. Here, we sought to investigate potential clinical prognostic parameters in patients with hematological malignancies admitted to a palliative care unit. Using a prospectively collected database, we analyzed clinical and laboratory parameters regarding their prognostic impact in 290 patients with malignant hematological diseases. The parameters included patient-related factors such as Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status, need for transfusions, parenteral nutrition or analgetics, and laboratory values (hemoglobin, platelet count, lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), albumin, total protein, calcium, and C-reactive protein (CRP)) as well as referral symptoms (including anemia, infection, fever, fatigue, and dyspnea). In univariate analyses, LDH (>248 U/l), albumin corrected calcium (>2.55 mmol/l), CRP (>50 mg/l), albumin (<30 g/l), platelet count (<90 × 10(9)/l), total protein (≤60 g/l), hemoglobin (<10 g/dl), opioid treatment, performance status (ECOG >2), and need for parenteral nutrition or blood transfusion significantly correlated with impaired survival. Multivariate analysis showed that low performance status, low platelet count, opioid based pain therapy, high LDH, and low albumin were associated with poor prognosis. Using these five parameters, patients were divided into three "risk groups": low risk (presence of zero to one factor), intermediate risk (two to three factors), and high risk. Median survival for the poor risk patients was 10 days, and the intermediate and low risk patients survived a median of 63 and 440 days, respectively (p < 0.0001). Several clinical and laboratory parameters were associated with a poor prognosis of patients with hematological malignancies treated on a palliative care unit. These parameters might help clinicians to estimate prognosis of remaining life span and individualize treatment and/or end-of-life care options for patients.
2014-02

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

317-325

Issue

2

Volume

93

Citation

Kripp M; Willer A; Schmidt C; Pilz LR; Gencer D; Buchheidt D; Hochhaus A; Hofmann W-K; Hofheinz R-D, “Patients with malignant hematological disorders treated on a palliative care unit: prognostic impact of clinical factors,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 29, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/15065.

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